RKD Netherland Institute for art History
Using a map of Paris, this geotagging tool shows at a glance where artists’ studios and living quarters are. Via RKD Explore (www.rkd.nl) you can retrace the steps of Dutch artists who visited the city between 1789 and 1914. Using this application, an innovative visual account can be given of where these Dutch artists lived and worked but also exactly where in Paris they produced certain works and what artistic exchanges they were involved in.
The museum-led research started from the realisation that art is a mixture of national and international components. Over the course of the nineteenth century, the interaction and mutual influence between artists in different countries increased as more of them travelled and even set up home abroad. Approximately 35-40% of Dutch artists working in the nineteenth century lived outside the Netherlands for a considerable length of time. Dutch artists influenced the local art scene through exhibitions and commissions, while their own work and ideas were in turn influenced by the art they encountered during these foreign sojourns. On their return home, their impressions shaped the national art scene. As time went on, Paris and its environs became ever more popular with Dutch artists.
In recent decades the RKD’s databases RKD Artists and RKD Images have been enriched with geographical data as well as information about the careers of artists. This data can now be brought up on a map, which means that it is possible to see where artists were born, lived and died as well as the whereabouts of particular works of art. This is a huge step towards making information of this kind more available and accessible to a wider audience.
Geotagging functionality is currently still in its infancy but already it can be described as a milestone. Our next step will be to develop a more refined search tool, with historic maps and more data (including information about foreign and French artists in Paris). This will enable researchers to compare and analyse search results (data sets) retrieved from the RKD databases.
Mapping Artists was made possible with the generous support of Fonds21 and the Prins Bernhard Cultuurfonds.