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Biographical information
Education
École des Beaux-Arts (Aix-en-Provence)
In 1857 he enrolled at the Ecole Municipale de Dessin in Aix-en-Provence, where he studied until 1860 under Joseph Gibert (1806–1884).
Université de Droit, d'Économie et des Sciences d'Aix-Marseille
In 1859 he began to study law at the Université d’Aix. In 1861 he abandoned his law studies and, wishing to become a painter. In April 1861 he moved to Paris
Académie Suisse (Parijs)
1861
Active in
  • Aix-en-Provence 1857 - 1870
    From 1864 to 1870 Cézanne moved continually between Aix and Paris
  • Parijs 1861-04 - 1870
    April 1861 Paul Cézanne moved to Paris. There he met up with Emile Zola and worked at the Académie Suisse, where he became acquainted with Camille Pissarro. While in Paris he copied works by Titian, Giorgione, Veronese, Rubens, Delacroix, Courbet and others at the Louvre. From 1864 to 1870 he moved continually between Aix and Paris
  • L'Estaque (Marseille) 1864
    Cézanne vistits during the Summer L'Estaque on the Bay of Marseille (Rishel/Sachs/Bernstein 2009, p. 19)
  • L'Estaque (Marseille) 1870 - 1871
    In 1870, when war was declared with Prussia, he took refuge in L’Estaque, near Marseille.
  • Parijs 1871
    He returned to Paris in the Autumn of 1871, after the fall of the Commune.
  • Pontoise 1872
    In Pontoise he worked outdoors alongside Camille Pissarro and also met Dr Paul Gachet.
  • Auvers-sur-Oise 1872 - 1874
    From late 1872 or early 1873 until 1874, he stayed in Dr. Paul Gachet’s house at Auvers-sur-Oise, again working with Pissarro. In 1873 he met van Vincent van Gogh.
  • Parijs 1873
    Cézanne meets Julien-François Tanguy owner of the painting supply shop at 14, rue Clauzel Paris 'Père' Tanguy begins to show Cézanne's paintings in his shop window, wher many artists will come into contact with his work for the first time. (Rishel/Sachs/Bernstein 2009, p. 19)
  • Aix-en-Provence 1876 - 1878
  • L'Estaque (Marseille) 1878 - 1879
  • Parijs 1879 - 1882
    In 1878 Emile Zola had bought a house at Médan, on the Seine near Paris, and from 1879 to 1882 Cézanne made annual visits there. In Paris in 1880 he met Paul Gauguin
  • Pontoise 1881-05 - 1881-10
    From May to October 1881 he worked in Pontoise with Pissarro
  • L'Estaque (Marseille) 1882 - 1882-10
    In 1882 Cézanne stayed at L’Estaque, where Auguste Renoir visited him, and in October 1882 he returned to work in Aix.
  • Aix-en-Provence 1882-10 - 1906-10-22
    From 1886 until his death he divided his time mainly between Paris and Aix.
  • Parijs 1886 - 1906
    From 1886 until his death he divided his time mainly between Paris and Aix.
  • Chantilly (Oise) 1888
    In 1888 he worked for a time in Chantilly.
  • Zwitserland 1890
    In 1890 he spent five months in Switzerland with his family, his only period abroad.
  • Fontainebleau 1892
    In 1892 he bought a house at Marlotte near the forest of Fontainebleau. He worked there at various times in the following few years.
  • Giverny 1894
    In 1894 he visited Claude Monet at Giverny, where he met Auguste Rodin, the journalist and politician Georges Clemenceau and the writer Gustave Geffroy.
born in
active in
died in
Subjects
This field specifies the various subject categories or genres that constitute the oeuvre of the artist in question. The contents of this field are generally based more on the documentation available at the RKD than on the literature.
genre, landscape (as genre), portrait, still life
Current
Here we mention the current to which an artist belonged. Many currents have not yet been entered, because the content of this field is still under development.
Impressionism, Post-Impressionism
Believing colour and form to be inseparable, Cezanne tried to emphasize structure and solidity in his work, features he thought neglected by Impressionism. For this reason Paul Cezanne was a central figure in Post-Impressionism.
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Entered on: 1991-12-02; Modification on: 2018-11-07

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