Dorothea Maria Henrietta Gsell

painter, draftsperson, academy lecturer, court artist
from 1726 on painting and drawing teacher at the emperial academy in St. Peterburg
German, North Netherlandish, Russian
Nuremberg 1678-01/1678-02-02
baptized 2 February 1678 (Saur 2009, De Beer 2014). Houbraken stated that she was born 13 February 1678.
Sint-Petersburg (city) 1743-05-05
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
daughter of Maria Sibylla Merian and Johann Andreas Graff. She married the surgeon Philips Henriks from Heidelberh (c. 1671-1711 on 14 October 1701 in Amsterdam); after his death she married Georg Gsell (she was his third wife).
See also
In this field, you will find references to names of groups or to the artists that made/make up groups. You may also come across references to other artists if there was/is question of collaboration without a joint name. This is the case, for instance, with artists who rendered parts of works by other artists (such as with P.P Rubens and J. Brueghel I).
worked together with her mother
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Active in
  • Wieuwerd 1686 - 1691
    lived with the Labadists, followers of Jean de Labadie, at Walda State, in Wiewerd
  • Amsterdam (stad) 1691 - 1699
    lived with her mother Maria Sybilla Merian in the Kerkstraat; here they worked with her elder sister Johanna making water colours, teaching and dealing in paint materials
  • Suriname 1699 - 1701
    together with Maria Sybilla Merian
  • Amsterdam (stad) 1701 - 1718
    continued the same business iwth her mother until her mother died in 1717; in 1715 she married Georg Gsell
  • Sint-Petersburg (stad) 1718 - 1743
    went with her husband to Saint-Petersburg; worked from 1719 on for the Kunstkamera in Saint-Petersburg
Teacher at academy/university
Academie van Beeldende Kunsten (St. Petersburg)
born in
active in
died in
This field specifies the various subject categories or genres that constitute the oeuvre of the artist in question. The contents of this field are generally based more on the documentation available at the RKD than on the literature.
botanical representation, bird scene, study of insects
oil paint
Creation date: 2001-04-03; Last modified date: 2023-05-16


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