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Qualifications
politician, collector of Dutch and Flemish painting, collector of botanica, noble
He particularly favored Dutch landscapes from the seventeenth-century. with his purchase of Cuyp, he established the artist's popularity among English collectors (Reist et. al. 2014). In his purchases he was assisted by Captain William Baillie (1723-1810) (Crichton-Stuart/Seifert 2012). At Luton Hoo he kept over 230 Netherlandish paintings (Blackwell et al. 2017-2018).
Nationality/school
Scottish
Born
Edinburgh 1713-05-25
Deceased
Mayfair (London) 1792-03-10
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
He was the oldest son of John Stuart, 2nd Earl of Bute (1698/90-1723) and Lady Anne Campbell (1692-1732), daughter of Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll. He married Mary Wortley Montagu (1718-1794).
See also
In this field, you will find references to names of groups or to the artists that made/make up groups. You may also come across references to other artists if there was/is question of collaboration without a joint name. This is the case, for instance, with artists who rendered parts of works by other artists (such as with P.P Rubens and J. Brueghel I).
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Period of activity
1728 - 1792
Active in
  • Eton (Berkshire) 1724 - 1728
    Here he went to Eton College (Schweizer 2009).
  • Groningen (stad) 1728 - 1732
    After Eton he was sent to the universities of Groningen and Leiden. Possibly he developed his preference for Dutch seventeenth-century paintings (Crichton-Stuart/Seifert 2012).
  • Leiden 1728 - 1732
    Here he studied law (Schweizer 2009).
  • Schotland
  • Mount Stuart House (landgoed Schotland) 1732 - 1736
  • Londen (Engeland) 1745 - 1763
    After the Jacobite rising he moved to London. He stayed most of his life at the Court of George III, where he became a favourite of the court (Blackwell et al. 2017-2018). He started a successful political career. In 1761 he became prime minister (Schweizer 2008). His rapid rise in politics and his position at the court resulted in jealousy and suspicion amongst his rivals. He became the most hated man in England and feared for his life. This led to his resignation in 1763 and his withdrawel from public life (Blackwell et al. 2017-2018).
  • Luton Hoo (landhuis) 1763 - 1769
    After resigning his political posts, he retired to Luton Hoo. At Luton Hoo he kept his collections. In many rooms he grouped the paintings by their schools. This was relatively new at that time, but became common practice in the nineteenth century (Blackwell et al. 2017-2018).
  • Italië 1769 - 1771
    During these three years he travelled through Italy (Schweizer 2008).
  • Christchurch (Engeland) 1771 - 1792
    Here he built a villa, where he spent his remaining years. Here he devoted himself to the patronage of literature, science and arts (Schweizer 2008). In 1773 the constructions and renovations at Luton came to an end. His collecting activities also slowed down after he moved to his new residence at Christchurch (Blackwell et al. 2017-2018).
born in
active in
Subjects
This field specifies the various subject categories or genres that constitute the oeuvre of the artist in question. The contents of this field are generally based more on the documentation available at the RKD than on the literature.
genre, landscape (as genre)
Creation date: 2005-11-02; Last modified date: 2021-07-22

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