Maximilian Heinrich von Wittelsbach

male / German
Munich 1621-12-08
Bonn 1688-06-05
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
third son and fourth child of Albert VI, landgrave of Leuchtenberg and his wife, Mechthilde von Leuchtenberg
See also
In this field, you will find references to names of groups or to the artists that made/make up groups. You may also come across references to other artists if there was/is question of collaboration without a joint name. This is the case, for instance, with artists who rendered parts of works by other artists (such as with P.P Rubens and J. Brueghel I).
employer of Ernest de Lairesse
Biographical information
Active in
  • München 1621
  • Keulen
    absolved his school
  • Leuven
    studied theology in Leuven
  • Keulen 1650 - 1683
    Came to Cologne as co-adjutor to help his uncle, prince-bishop Ferdinand von Bavaria, govern the Electorate. After his death he became archbishop and elecotor of Cologne, prince-bishop of Liege, prince-bishop of Hildesheim and prince-abbot of the principality of Stavelot-Malmédy. He was strongly influenced by his minister Wilhelm Egon von Fürstenberg, the architect of the French alliance of Cologne in the French-Dutch war of 1672 and the attack on the Republic, which was very much against the wishes of the inhabitants of Cologne, and his brother Franz von Fürstenberg. After initial successes in the eastern part of The Netherlands by Maximilian and his comrade in arms Bernard von Galen, bishop of Munster, the two bishops backed down, when Elector Frederic William of Brandenburg and his general Raimondo Montecuccoli approched from Halberstadt and the Holy Roman emperor declared himself on the Dutch side and entered the war. Maximilian fled to Cologne and took refuge in the Carthusian monastery of Sankt Pantaleon, where he dedicated himself to his chemical studies. On 11 May 1674 he signed a peace-treaty with the Republic, in which there was a secret clause forbidding the Fürstenberg-brothers to ever enter in his service again (Wilhelm Egon was a prisioner of the Austrians anyway at the time). When Fürstenberg was elected his successor as bishop of Cologne in 1688 with French support, the Emperor blocked his nomination and put Johann Clemens von Bavaria in his place. With the Glorious Revolution in England in 1688 the balance of power in Europe was further drastically changed in the favour of the German Empire and the protestant North, putting an end to French power on the Rhine.
  • Münster (Duitsland) 1683
    Maximilian was named bishop of Munster in 1683, although Pope Innocent XI refused to confirm this nomination.
  • Bonn 1688
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Creation date: 2021-06-10; Last modified date: 2022-04-07


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