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Nationality/school
English
Born
Southampton (England) 1829-06-08
Deceased
London (England) 1896-08-13
on August 20, 1896 buried in Saint Paul's Cathedral
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Biographical information
Education
Royal Academy of Arts (Londen)
1840-1846
Active in
  • Saint Hélier (Jersey) 1837 - 1838
    Millais was taught at a young age by the German artist Edward Henry Wehnert, a resident of Jersey.
  • Londen (Engeland) 1838 - 1896
    after having followed previous classes at a drawing academy with Henry Sass, Millais enrolled in 1840 at the Royal Academy of Arts Schools as the youngest pupil ever; he would stay there until 1846; 1843: meeting with William Holman Hunt; 1848: in Millais' studio creation of the 'Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood' with Holman Hunt, the brothers Dante Gabriel and William Michael Rossetti, Frederic G. Stephens, James Collinson and Thomas Woolner; 1850: first print, the etching Sint Agnes Middelares, intended for the pre-Raphaelite magazine 'The Germ'; 1851: acquaintance with the theoretician John Ruskin, defender of the pre-Raphaelites; 1854: move to Kingston upon Thames; 1854-1859: renting a studio in Regent Street; 1856: co-founder of the National Portrait Gallery; 1859: start making illustrations for novels and magazines, which gave him a steady income; 1861: moving to South Kensington (the later home of the painter Francis Bacon, nowadays the seat of the 'Art Fund'); 1863: Millais had at this time with an income of more than 5000 pounds a year brought to the most requested painter of London (n.b .: in 1886 his annual income would be 30,000 pounds); 1877: moving to Kensington, to an Italian-style studio house designed by Philip Hardwick; May 1877: opening of the Grosvenor Gallery, New Bond Street, Millais would henceforth exhibit regularly until the closure of the Gallery in 1890; 1885: Millais became the first native Dutch artist in history by Prime Minister Gladstone to become a 'baronet', a hereditary noble title; 1888: publication of the essay 'Thoughts on our Art of Today', in which he broke a lance for the free brush technique and 'individuality of idea and expression'; 1892: meeting with the sugar tycoon Henry Tate, who encourages him to set up his own museum for British art (this would actually be opened in 1897 under the name 'The National Gallery of British Art on Millbank', officially renamed 'Tate' in 1932). Gallery '); 1896: in February president of the Royal Academy as successor of the deceased Frederic Leighton; On August 13, Millais died in Palace Gate, Kensington throat cancer, on August 20 he was buried in the 'Painters' Corner' at Saint Paul's Cathedral. 1899: publication of Millais' biography "The Life and Letters of Sir John Everett Millais" by his son John Guille Millais.
  • Isle of Wight (graafschap/distr.) 1854
    stay with Alfred Lord Tennyson
  • Bowerswell 1855 - 1857
    1855: marriage with Effie Gray, the ex-wife of John Ruskin; the couple will live in Effie's family home near Bowerswell and have eight children
  • Parijs 1859
    first visit to Paris with his wife Effie Gray
  • Parijs 1863 - 1864
    a second and third trip to Paris and a trip through Europe with visits to Paris, Chamonix, Geneva and the Italian art cities
  • Chamonix (Haute-Savoie) 1865
    trip through Europe with visits to Paris, Chamonix, Geneva and the Italian art cities
  • Genève 1865
    trip through Europe with visits to Paris, Chamonix, Geneva and the Italian art cities
  • Italië 1865
    trip through Europe with visits to Paris, Chamonix, Geneva and the Italian art cities
  • Schotland 1870
    beginning of the manufacture of a series of scottish landscapes
  • Perth and Kinross (regio) 1873 - 1880
    from 1873 to 1880 stay during autumn and winter, continuing the production of Scottish landscapes
  • Haarlem 1875
    visits to The Hague, Haarlem, Leiden, Dordrecht and Amsterdam
  • Leiden 1875
    visits to The Hague, Haarlem, Leiden, Dordrecht and Amsterdam
  • Dordrecht 1875
    visits to The Hague, Haarlem, Leiden, Dordrecht and Amsterdam
  • Amsterdam 1875
    visits to The Hague, Haarlem, Leiden, Dordrecht and Amsterdam
  • Parijs 1878
  • Den Haag 1880
  • Amsterdam 1880
  • Haarlem 1880
    visit to the Frans Hals Museum together with William Powell Frith and Andrew Gray
  • Murthly 1881 - 1890
    in the autumn months: stay at Birnam Hall in Murthly (Scotland); until 1890 the Millais Birnam Hall family would rent every autumn
  • Bowerswell 1892 - 1895
    from 1892 Millais' Scottish winter and autumn stay; in 1895 he would make his last work here in the open air
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active in
died in
Subjects
This field specifies the various subject categories or genres that constitute the oeuvre of the artist in question. The contents of this field are generally based more on the documentation available at the RKD than on the literature.
allegory, animal painting (genre), figure study (main subject), genre, history (as a genre), landscape (as genre), literature (genre), mythology, portrait, portrait, self-portrait, Christian religious scene
Current
Here we mention the current to which an artist belonged. Many currents have not yet been entered, because the content of this field is still under development.
Pre-Raphaelite
Entered on: 1992-02-01; Modification on: 2018-04-30

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