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Nationality/school
French
Born
Les Andelys (Eure)/Villers (Haute-Normandie) 1594-06-15
Deceased
Rome 1665-11-19
See also
In this field, you will find references to names of groups or to the artists that made/make up groups. You may also come across references to other artists if there was/is question of collaboration without a joint name. This is the case, for instance, with artists who rendered parts of works by other artists (such as with P.P Rubens and J. Brueghel I).
collaboration with Daniël Seghers: Rome 1625-1627
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Active in
  • Les Andelys (Eure) 1611 - 1612
    According to Poussin's biographer Bellori, the painter Quintin Varin, who worked in Les Andelys, encouraged him to paint.
  • Parijs 1612 - 1621
    In Paris, Poussin became a professional painter. Until 1620 he made several trips outside the city to carry out assignments for clients living on land.
  • Florence 1621 - 1622
    ca. 1621 Poussin left Paris for the purpose of traveling to Rome; however, he did not go beyond Florence. The cause of this was perhaps due to his weak health, which wouldbother him his entire life.
  • Parijs 1622 - 1623
    Return to Paris, where he received his first major official assignment. In this period, Poussin received several assignments for decorative painting.
  • Rome 1624 - 1640
    On his arrival in Rome, Poussin had the disadvantage of lacking clients and as he had no formal training, he had trouble keeping their heads above water in the first few years. In 1625-1627 he was commissioned by the Flemish painter Daniël Seghers (who was also in Rome at the time) to paint two religious works for Cassiano dal Pozzo, a client with whom Poussin would have a relationship for thirty years. In 1626, Poussin shared a home with the Flemish sculptor François Duquesnoy. In 1630 he was somewhat settled in Rome and he married the sister of the painter Gaspard Dughet, Ann-Marie. Dughet moved in with the couple in 1636. Big commission at this time for Cardinal Richelieu: a series of bacchanals for his newly built castle near Orléans
  • Parijs 1640 - 1642
    Poussin received, among other things, the honorable assignment of King Louis XIII to decorate the 'Grande Galerie' in the Louvre. However, he would never complete this project: only a large number of preparatory sketches remains.
  • Rome 1643 - 1665
    1647-1648: the most productive years of Poussin's career; In 1651 his health began to deteriorate rapidly. The trembling of his hand can be deduced from his drawings from this peiode. In 1664 his wife Ann-Marie died and Poussin's health deteriorated, so much so that he donated his last painting, "Apollo and Daphne" (now in the Louvre) to Cardinal Massimi while it was not yet completed, knowing that he would never again would be able to finish the work. Eventually Poussin died in 1665 at the age of 72 after a long illness.
born in
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Subjects
This field specifies the various subject categories or genres that constitute the oeuvre of the artist in question. The contents of this field are generally based more on the documentation available at the RKD than on the literature.
allegory, figure study (main subject), history (as a genre), landscape (as genre), italianate, mythology, portrait, self-portrait, Christian religious scene, battle
Komt voor in
archief Le Roy
Entered on: 1992-01-18; Modification on: 2018-08-06

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