Jacob van Ruisdael

painter, draftsman, etcher, physician
According to Houbraken he studied Latin and Medicine; according to Wijnman 1932, he registered in 1676 as a medical practitioner in the Amsterdam register of physicians. He graduated in Caen on 15 October 1676, although this mention is refuted in Hinrichs 2013.
North Netherlandish
Haarlem 1628-06/1629-06
probably born in Haarlem, declared to be 32 years old on 9 June 1661 (Thieme/Becker 1935); born Haarlem (Slive 2001); his father married 12 November 1628 (Thieme/Becker 1935)
Amsterdam 1682-03/1682-03-14
probably died in Amsterdam, c. 10 March 1682 (Slive 2001); buried 14 March 1682 in the St. Bavo in Haarlem (Thieme/Becker and Slive). Houbraken thought he was buried on 16 October 1681 in Haarlem; however, this is the burial date of Jacob Salomonsz. Ruisdael.
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
son of Isaack van Ruisdael, a.k.a. Ysaacq de Goyer (ca. 1599 - ca. 1677) and Mayken Cornelis
See also
In this field, you will find references to names of groups or to the artists that made/make up groups. You may also come across references to other artists if there was/is question of collaboration without a joint name. This is the case, for instance, with artists who rendered parts of works by other artists (such as with P.P Rubens and J. Brueghel I).
Berchem, Wouwerman, Van de Velde and Lingelbach painted regularly staffage in Ruisdael's landscapes. Ruisdael painted once the landscape for a group portrait of De Keyser (Giltaij in: Sutton et al. 1987-1988, p. 438). According to Saur (1993), Gerrit Battem also would have painted staffage in Ruisdael's landscapes. This cooperation, often stated in older literature, is doubted by Slive (Slive 2001).
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Period of activity
1646 - 1682
His earliest work is dates from 1646 (Slive 2005, no. 547). Most of his dated works are from between 1646-1653 (M. de Kinkelder).
Active in
  • Haarlem 1648
    from 1648 on member of the guild (Thieme/Becker), but dated works are known from 1646 on (M. de Kinkelder)
  • Rhenen 1649
    In 1649 he traveled to Rhenen
  • Bad Bentheim 1650
    Probably he travelled in 1650 together with Nicolaes Berchem through Germany, especially Bentheim and Steinfurt (Sutton, Giltaij and Buvelot 2009).
  • Steinfurt 1650
  • Amersfoort 1650
    c. 1650
  • Haarlem 1651 - 1655
  • Amsterdam 1655 - 1661
    in the middle of the 1650s (Thieme/Becker) or in 1657 (Slive 2001) moved to Amsterdam; on 14 June 1657 he asked to make a confession and to become a member of the Reformed Church (Thieme/Becker); in 1657 living in the Beursstraat (Thieme/Becker). On 14 June 1657 baptized in Ankeveen near Naarden (Slive 2001). On 15 January 1659 poorter (citizen) of Amsterdam (Thieme/Becker en Slive 2001).
  • Harderwijk 1660 - 1675
    early sixties of the 17th century, or later: c. 1670
  • Deventer 1661
    Possibly he went on a trip to the Veluwe, Deventer and Ootmarsum and to Germany, together with Meindert Hobbema.
  • Ootmarsum (Denekamp) 1661
  • 1661
  • Amsterdam 1661 - 1682
born in
active in
died in
This field specifies the various subject categories or genres that constitute the oeuvre of the artist in question. The contents of this field are generally based more on the documentation available at the RKD than on the literature.
landscape (as genre), marine (as genre), cityscape, beach scene, winter landscape, architecture (genre), interiors
oil paint
Creation date: 1992-01-25; Last modified date: 2021-12-21


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