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Qualifications
draftsman, art collector, physician, amateur painter
Monro was a doctor specializing in mental illness: he was Principal Physician of the Bethlem Royal Hospital and one-time consulting physician to George III.
Nationality/school
English
Born
London (England) 1759
Deceased
Bushey (England) 1833
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
youngest son of Dr. John Monro (9th of Fyrish) and Elizabeth Culling Smith. Monro had several children, and three of his sons also became artists, in particular Henry (1791–1814). Coincidentally, Monro's distant kinsman Hugh Andrew Johnstone Munro of Novar would later be one of Turner's chief patrons.
Biographical information
Active in
  • Harrow (Londen)
    He was educated at Harrow under Samuel Parr.
  • Oxford (Engeland) 1780 - 1787
    He attended Oriel College, Oxford, where he graduated as a Doctor of Medicine in 1787.
  • Londen (Engeland) 1787 - 1807
    Like his father and grandfather he was employed at Bedlam starting as Assistant Physician in 1787. He attended on George III in a joint consultation of specialists during the king's second illness in 1811–12, although Queen Charlotte ensured that his further involvement did not extend beyond that of a passive observer. He was admitted as a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in 1791, and acted as Censor on three separate occasions; In 1811, he was named as an Elect of the College. In 1792 he became Principal Physician as successor to his father. He resigned in June 1816, as a result of scandal when he was accused of ‘wanting in humanity’ towards his patients. Monro was also known as a patron to numerous artists (including Peter De Wint, Thomas Girtin, John Sell Cotman and William Turner). The group of artists around him was known as 'The Monro Circle' and included students from his ‘Academy’ in London, where evening classes were given. Other painters who visited his home included J.M.W. Turner, Joseph Farington, Thomas Hearne (1744–1817), James Bourne, Henry Edridge, William Henry Hunt, John Laporte and John Varley. Monro had a house in Adelphi Terrace (the housing project by Robert and James Adam, destroyed 1937), London and a cottage in Fetcham, Surrey (until 1805).
  • Bushey (Engeland) 1807 - 1833-05-14
    From 1807 until his death, on 14 May 1833, he lived in a 'country house' in Merry Hill near Bushey in Hertfordshire.
born in
active in
Subjects
This field specifies the various subject categories or genres that constitute the oeuvre of the artist in question. The contents of this field are generally based more on the documentation available at the RKD than on the literature.
landscape (as genre)
Creation date: 2005-11-21; Last modified date: 2021-11-24

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