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Qualifications
print artist, painter, draftsman, designer, member of family of artists, court painter
He is credited with the introduction of Dutch marine painting (Posada Kubissa 2009); he designed marines for tapestries and stained glass (Biesboer/Köhler et al. 2006, p. 333).
Nationality/school
North Netherlandish
Born
Haarlem 1562/1563
According to Van Mander 1604 he was born in Haarlem in 1566; 1562 or 1563; in a deed of August 1, 1608 Hendrik Cornelisz. Vroom gave his age as 45 years (Van Thiel-Strohman 2006, p. 332, 339, n. 1); according to Alsteens/Buijs/Mathot 2008 he was possibly born in 1566.
Deceased
Haarlem 1640-01/1640-02-04
buried 4 February 1640
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
Son of the sculptor and ceramist Cornelis Hendricksen Vroom (died 1573) and Cornelia Lourensdr. (died 1573). He married to Joosje Cornelisdr. Gans (ca. 1568 - 1643), in Haarlem in 1590. He is the father of Cornelia Hendricksdr. Vroom (died 1661), Cornelis Hendriksz. Vroom (ca. 1592 - 1661), Frederik Hendriksz. Vroom (1600 - 1667) and Jacob Hendriksz. Vroom (born 1601). He is a nephew of Frederik Hendriksz Vroom (Frohme)
See also
In this field, you will find references to names of groups or to the artists that made/make up groups. You may also come across references to other artists if there was/is question of collaboration without a joint name. This is the case, for instance, with artists who rendered parts of works by other artists (such as with P.P Rubens and J. Brueghel I).
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Active in
  • Haarlem 1584 - 1585
    travelled through Holland and Flanders before he sailed from Rotterdam to Spain
  • Enkhuizen
  • Brugge
  • Rotterdam
  • Sanlúcar de Barrameda (Spanje)
    Van Mander 1604
  • Sevilla
    stayed with a Netherlandish painter, called 'Pintemony', or painter of monkeys (Van Mander 1604)
  • Genua 1585
    He doesn't seem to have stayed long, as he found unsufficient patrons (Stoesser 2018, p. 32)
  • Livorno 1585
    c. 1585-1590 in Italy
  • Florence
    travelled via Leghorn (Livorno) and Florence to Rome
  • Rome 1585 - 1587
    c. 1585-1587; stayed first with a Spanish canon (Van Mander 1604); was two years in the service of Cardinal Ferdinand de Medici; he also received lessons from Paul Bril and traveled by way of Venice, Milan, Genoa, Turin to Lyon
  • Venetië
    resumed the painting of ceramics (Russell 1983, p. 102)
  • Milaan
    According to Karel van Mander 1604, Hendrik Vroom met an unimportant Dutch painter in Milan, called Valerius: 'trock nae Milanen, en quam by een slecht Nederlandts Schilder, Valerius gheheeten' (Van Mander 1604, fol. 287v07). Although Hessel Miedema did not identify this Valerius (Van Mander/Miedema 1994-1999, p. 231), it is very probable that van Mander was referring to Valerius Diependale, who was active in Milan at the moment of Vroom's stay in the city (N. Weijenberg, November 2018).
  • Turijn 1589
    according to Van Mander Vroom visited the painter Jan Kraeck in Turin
  • Saint-Julien-Mont-Denis
    Van Mander 1604
  • Genua
  • Marseille
  • Aix-en-Provence
  • Vienne (Isère)
  • Lyon 1587 - 1589
    c. 1587-1589; stayed half a year with Mr. Bottoin in his castle outside Lyon to produce a series of paintings in watercolor on the wars in Pisa where Bottoin and his ancestors had taken part in (van Mander 1604; Gerson/Meijer 1942/1983, p. 44, Van Thiel-Stroman 2006, p. 333 and Alsteens/Buijs/Mathot 2008, p. 227)
  • Parijs
    stayed there probably with the painter Jan de Hoey (Van Mander 1604; Russell 1983, p. 92)
  • Rouen
    became sick in Rouen and was taken care of by an old woman; after that he took the boat straight to Haarlem (Van Mander 1604)
  • Haarlem 1589
    He was at least on December 28 1689 back in Haarlem (Biesboer/Köhler et al. 2006, p. 333).
  • Danzig (hist.) 1591
    In 1591 Vroom visited with his wife his uncle Fredrik Hendriksz Vroom (Frohme), a city architect in Danzig, who instructed him in perspective theory. According to Van Mander he painted an altarpiece for the Jesuits (Gerson 1942/1983, p. 499). According to Gerson this trip took place in 1584; however, this was probably 1591. On December 18, 1591 they were in any case back in Haarlem (Biesboer/Köhler et al. 2006, p. 333).
  • Haarlem
    back in Haarlem for a brief time and then off to Portugal again (Van Mander 1604); intended to go to Spain an took some religious paintings with him (Russell 1983, p. 113)
  • Peniche
    On his way to Spain, he shipwrecked before the coast of Portugal; Vroom was taken by some monks to Peniche (Van Mander 1604).
  • Lissabon
    After two days he left for Lissabon, where he embarked for Holland, However, he got scared the ship would been wrecked and had himself brought to the shore (Van Mander 1604).
  • Setúbal
    also known as St Huves; painted there his recent adventures and sold them to a "great lord" (Van Mander 1604); most paintings from this period are lost or unidentified (Russell 1983, p. 113)
  • Haarlem 1591-12 - 1592
    Van Mander 1604
  • Londen (Engeland) 1592
    visited Lord Howard in London as a designer for a tapestry commission
  • Haarlem 1592 - 1640
  • Antwerpen 1616
    According to Gerson 1942/1983, p. 32 Vroom is mentioned among the masters of the Antwerp Guild: his name is however not mentioned in Rombouts/Van Lerius 1872/1961, nor by van Hemelsdonck 2007
  • Helsingør 1618 - 1619
    probably in 1618/1619 (communication David Burmeister Kaaring, May 2015); made a drawing of Helsingør (Gerson 1942/1983, p. 470)
born in
active in
died in
Subjects
This field specifies the various subject categories or genres that constitute the oeuvre of the artist in question. The contents of this field are generally based more on the documentation available at the RKD than on the literature.
marine (as genre), portrait, cityscape, landscape (as genre)
Medium/technique
oil paint
Creation date: 1992-02-01; Last modified date: 2021-07-24

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