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Qualifications
print artist, painter, draftsman, designer, member of family of artists
credited with the introduction of Dutch marine painting (Posada Kubissa 2009); designed marined for tapestries and stained glass (Van Thiel-Stroman 2006, p. 333)
Nationality/school
North Netherlandish
Born
Haarlem 1562/1563
According to Van Mander 1604 he was born in Haarlem in 1566; 1562 or 1563; in a deed of August 1, 1608 Hendrik Cornelisz. Vroom gave his age as 45 years (Van Thiel-Strohman 2006, p. 332, 339, n. 1); according to Alsteens/Buijs/Mathot 2008 he was possibly born in 1566.
Deceased
Haarlem 1640-01/1640-02-04
buried 4 February 1640
Family relationschips
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
son of the sculptor and ceramist Cornelis Hendricksen; father of Cornelis Hendricksz. and Frederick Vroom; nephew of Fredrik Hendriksz Vroom (Frohme)
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Active in
  • Haarlem
    traveled through Holland and Flanders before he sailed from Rotterdam to Spain
  • Enkhuizen
  • Brugge
  • Rotterdam
  • Sanlúcar de Barrameda (Spanje)
    Van Mander 1604
  • Sevilla
    stayed with a Netherlandish painter, called 'Pintemony', or painter of monkeys (Van Mander 1604)
  • Livorno 1585
    c. 1585-1590 in Italy
  • Florence
    travelled via Livorno and Florence to Rome
  • Rome 1585 - 1587
    c. 1585-1587; stayed first with a Spanish canon (Van Mander 1604); was two years in the service of Cardinal Ferdinand de Medici; also received lessons from Paul Bril; traveled through Venice, Milan, Genoa, Turin to Lyon
  • Venetië
    resumed the painting of ceramics (Russels 1983, p. 102)
  • Turijn 1589
    according to Van Mander Vroom visited the painter Jan Kraeck in Turin
  • Milaan
    According to Karel van Mander, Hendrik Vroom met an unimportant Dutch painter in Milan, called Valerius: 'trock nae Milanen, en quam by een slecht Nederlandts Schilder, Valerius gheheeten' (Van Mander 1604, fol. 287v07). Although Hessel Miedema did not identify this Valerius (Van Mander/Miedema 1994-1999, p. 231), it is very probably van Mander was referring to Valerius Diependale, who was active in Milan at the moment of Vroom's stay in the city (N. Weijenberg, November 2018).
  • Marseille
  • Aix-en-Provence
  • Vienne (Isère)
  • Lyon 1587 - 1589
    c. 1587-1589; stayed half a year with Mr. Bottoin in his castle outside Lyon to produce a series of paintings in watercolor on the wars in Pisa where Bottoin and his ancestors had taken part in (Gerson/Meijer 1942/1983, p. 44, Van Thiel-Stroman 2006, p. 333 en Alsteens/Buijs/Mathot 2008, p. 227)
  • Paris
    stayed here probably with the painter Jan de Hoey (Russell 1983, p. 92)
  • Rouen
    traveled through Rouen back to Haarlem
  • Haarlem 1589
    He was at least on December 28 1689 back in Haarlem (Van Thiel-Stroman 2006, p. 333).
  • Danzig (hist.) 1591
    In 1591 Vroom visited with his wife his uncle Fredrik Hendriksz Vroom (Frohme), a city architect in Danzig, who instructed him in perspective theory. According to Van Mander he painted an altarpiece for the Jesuits (Gerson 1942/1983, p. 499). According to Gerson this trip took place in 1584; however, this was probably 1591. On December 18, 1591 they were in any case back in Haarlem (Van Thiel-Stroman 2006, p. 333).
  • Haarlem
    back in Haarlem for a brief time and then off to Portugal again (Van Mander 1604)
  • Spanje
    took some religious paintings with him (Russell 1983, p. 113)
  • Peniche
    according to Van Mander, on his way to Spain, his ship ashore on to the Portuguese coast; Vroom was taken by some monks to Peniche (Van Mander 1604)
  • Lissabon
    after two days he left for Lissabon (Van Mander 1604)
  • Setúbal
    also known as St Huves; painted there his recent adventures and sold them to a "great lord" (Van Mander 1604); most paintings from this period are lost or unidentified (Russell 1983, p. 113)
  • Haarlem 1591-12 - 1592
    Van Mander 1604
  • Londen (Engeland) 1592
    visited Lord Howard in London as a designer for a tapestry commission
  • Haarlem 1592 - 1640
  • Helsingør 1618 - 1619
    probably in 1618/1619 (communication Daid Burmeister Kaaring, May 2015); made a drawing of Helsingør (Gerson 1942/1983, p. 470)
born in
active in
died in
Subjects
This field specifies the various subject categories or genres that constitute the oeuvre of the artist in question. The contents of this field are generally based more on the documentation available at the RKD than on the literature.
marine (as genre), portrait, cityscape, landscape (as genre)
Medium/technique
oil paint
Entered on: 1992-02-01; Modification on: 2019-02-11

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