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Monogram
TG
T.G.
Qualifications
painter, art dealer (person), art agent, court painter
became royal portrait painter at the Danish court in 1659; was active as an agent buying art for the Danish king Frederick III in Amsterdam
Nationality/school
North Netherlandish (school)
probably from French or even Flemish decent (Jager 2020)
Born
1630
c. 1630. NB: his brother Arnoldus was reportedly born in Pillau, present-day Baltiysk in Poland, but in the 17th century alternately occupied by Sweden and Prussia, in c. 1635. Was Toussaint also born here? (Jager 2020).
Deceased
Copenhagen 1680-08-28/1680-10-09
between 28 Augustus and 9 October 1680 (Rasmussen 1916-1917)
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
Probably son of Johannes Gelton and Adewina Weijn, living in Amsterdam since Summer 1641, probably brother of merchant Arnoldus Gelton (married to) Janneken Lantsing, uncle of their son Johannes. Toussaint lived in Stockholm with Maria Dijckmans (1639-ca. 1705), daughter of the The Hague painter Zacharias Dijckmans (died ca. 1657). She was the sister of the engraver Johannes Dijckmans (1641-after 1673) and the ‘kamerschilders’ Anthony (ca. 1638-ca. 1706) and Zacharias Dijckmans II (1645-1702). Maria Dijckmans had multiple family members living in Stockholm in 1666. Her independent travel to Berlin after her brake-up (September-December 1668) with Toussaint, was probably directed to another family member, the painter Gerrit Jacobsz Dijckmans (ca. 1592-after 1667), who was in Berlin on 16 June 1667 (Jager 2020).
See also
In this field, you will find references to names of groups or to the artists that made/make up groups. You may also come across references to other artists if there was/is question of collaboration without a joint name. This is the case, for instance, with artists who rendered parts of works by other artists (such as with P.P Rubens and J. Brueghel I).
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Active in
  • Den Haag 1656 - 1659
    probably trained in The Hague, member of the guild since 1655 till 1659 (Jager 2020)
  • Amsterdam 1655 - 1661
    member ot the guild in 1655-1661. According to Jager 2020 this membership is not true.
  • Kopenhagen 1657 - 1658
  • Göteborg 1658
    After the peace between Denmark and Sweden, Carl X Gustav lived in Göteborg. Here he called 'Den Königl. Dehnischen Contrafeger 'Gelton Toussaint, who stayed in Gothenburg for 10 weeks at the expense of the Swedish king. He received 900 rd. for work that he had made, and 300 rd. compensation (probably incurred). A signed portrait of 1658 of the Swedish king (RKDimages 247420) is preserved (Eller 1971, p. 296, note 38).
  • Kopenhagen 1659 - 1661
    In 1659 Toussaint became royal portrait painter at the Danish court.
  • Amsterdam 1661 - 1663
    c. 1661-1663; in 1661 he became art agent to Danish king Frederik III in Holland; at this occasion he is still called court painter.
  • Stockholm 1663 - 1666
    in 1663, 1665 and 1666 in Stockholm
  • Leiden 1665-05-22
    On 22 May 1665 Johannes Gelton and Adewina Weijn were in Leiden witnissing the baptism of their grandson Johannes Gelton (parents: merchant Arnoldus Gelton and Janneken Lantsing). The third witness was the painter Toussaint Gelton, probably brother of Arnoldus.
  • Hamburg 1667
    Briefly passed through or stayed in Hamburg on his way to Amsterdam (Jager 2020)
  • Amsterdam 1667 - 1672
    Arrived on 28 April 1667 (Jager 2020). 1667-1668 and 1673 in Amsterdam and initially stayed with his parents. As off June 1668 he rented house 'De Son' on the Eglantiersgracht accross from the Sint Andrieshofje , where he also had his studio, painting portraits. He also witnessed the baptism of the daughter of painter Horatius Paulijn in Amsterdam, Nieuwe Kerk, in June 1671.
  • Edinburgh 1672-10-01
    On 1 October 1672, Sir William Bruce of Balcaskie in Edinburgh, directed his chamberlain to pay “Mr. Gelton, painter” 540 rixdollar (ca. 1.485 guilders) “for pictors”; this possibly indicates Gelton was in Schotland (Apted/Hannabuss 1978)
  • Amsterdam 1673-07-10
    On 10 July 1673 he was authorized by merchant and collector Herman Becker (1617-1678) to collect money for him as a merchant in Copenhagen from debtors in that city (Jager 2020).
  • Kopenhagen 1673 - 1674
    Wrote a letter from Copenhagen on 22 November 1673 to Pontus Fredrik de la Gardie, recording that he worked for the Danish court as court painter to Christian V and was given a room there; annual salary 600 Rigsdaler (c. 1500 Guilders) (Jager 2020).
  • Dresden 1675
    between 1675 and 1677 travelled in Germany to paint portraits of the sisters of Christian V in Dresden and Heidelberg and relatives of the Queen in Kassel
  • Kassel (Hessen) 1676
    c. 1676
  • Heidelberg 1677
    c. 1677
  • Amsterdam 1677
    repeatedly spent short times in Amsterdam; received a letter here from religious zealot Antoinette Bourignon in 1677. He stayed in the home of cavalry captain (‘ritmeester’) Francois Monck (died 1705), where his possessions were inventoried on 5 September 1677 (Jager 2020).
  • Kopenhagen 1677-11-18
    back in Copenhagen before 18 November 1677. Accounts mention payments to Gelton not only for paintings, but also for birds and engravings from Holland. This probably indicates that he kept traveling back and forth, between Denmark and the Republic (Jager 2020).
active in
died in
Subjects
This field specifies the various subject categories or genres that constitute the oeuvre of the artist in question. The contents of this field are generally based more on the documentation available at the RKD than on the literature.
religious scene, portrait, landscape (genre), genre, nude figure, erotic art
is thought to have painted a landscape together with his patron Pontius de la Gardie (Gerson 1942/1983, p. 490)
Medium/technique
oil paint
Creation date: 1991-12-15; Last modified date: 2022-08-19

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