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Rembrandt

Juno, eerste helft jaren 1660
Los Angeles (California), Armand Hammer Museum, [..]
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
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Object information
Object category
painting
Support/medium
canvas, oil paint
Shape/dimensions
rectangle (portrait format) 127 x 123,8 cm
Current attribution
Rembrandt
When mentioned in the catalog by Otto Wesendonck in 1888 the work was listed under the Rembrandts (Berlin 1888, catalog A, no. 240). Sometime during the following decades this opinion changed, as it was not on view but kept in storage in the Provinzial Museum Bonn. In 1935 it was auctioned in Cologne as a work 'in the style of Rembrandt' (Cohen 1914, no. 230). In 1936 Bredius made a link between this painting and a document from 1665 about a loan from Herman Becker to Rembrandt, in which is mentioned that Becker would not accept the pay-back of the loan before Rembrandt completed the Juno (RemDoc: document/remdoc/e12994; Bredius 1936, p. 277; Strauss/Van der Meulen 1979, p. 555, RD 1665/17). It is generally accepted now that this work is indeed the one mentioned in the documents regarding the loan of 1665, hence the reattribution to Rembrandt (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 6 (2015), no. 252).
Date
Exact or approximate dating of the described art work; the search parameters adopted for this art work in this database, are found in brackets.
first half 1660s (1657 - 1665)
The work is generally dated to the early 1660s, but Van de Wetering suggested 1658 as starting date based on stylistic similarites with the Self portrait of 1658 in the Frick Collection, New York, and on the possibility that this work forms part of a classical trio of goddesses (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 6 (2015), no. 252). In October 1665 Becker accepted the pay-back of the loan by Rembrandt. This would indicate that the Juno was finished, as this was one of his conditions for accepting the pay-back (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol 6 (2015), no. 252).
Provenance
Exhibitions and literature
Visual documentation
Technical documentation
The RKD manages a collection of technical documentation that has been given to us by external researchers and museums or which stems from the RKD's own research with infrared reflectography. Documentation can be accessed by appointment at the RKD. While not all technical documentation has been entered in the database at present, new data is added on a regular basis.
Entered on: 1999-04-29; Last modification: 2018-11-19

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