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attributed to Rembrandt

Old man with a red cap, ca. 1650
Berlin, Gemäldegalerie (Staatliche Museen zu [..]
Bredius 1935, no. 269
attributed to <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
Illustration number 0001526350
Dimensions: 6683x9404 pixels
License under CC BY-NC-SA by copyright: Gemäldegalerie (Staatliche Museen zu Berlin)
attributed to <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
Illustration number 1001217614
Dimensions: 475x650 pixels
License under PUB DOM
attributed to <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
Illustration number 0000271081
Dimensions: 465x650 pixels
License undetermined
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Object information
Object category
painting
Support/medium
canvas, oil paint
Shape/dimensions
rectangle (portrait format) 52,4 x 37 cm
Signature/inscription
Information about the signature, dating, inscription or any other mark on the front or back of the art work
  • label on the back: à fait partie de la Collection de Mr. l’ Abbe d’Espagnac. Oncle du Comte et a Appartem[…] a la Galerie de Mr Eli[…] […]
    On the backside: firm label of the Paris art dealer Goupil & Cie: Goupil & Cie, Editeurs – Imprimeurs with handwritten inscription: "à fait partie de la Collection de Mr. l’ Abbe d’Espagnac. Oncle du Comte et a Appartem[…] a la Galerie de Mr Eli[…] […]".
  • label on the back: [...] L & C [...] / E [...] Imprimeurs
    On the backside: "[...] L & C [...] / E [...] Imprimeurs"; the left halfs of the two lines are missing or torn off; the inscription must probably be read as "Goupil & Cie / Editeurs - Imprimeurs" (Claudia Laurenze-Landsberg and Katja Kleinert, research project Berlin Gemäldegalerie).
  • label on the back: Goupil & [….i], Publishers & [..]ealers in Foreign Pictures Engravings and other Works of Art, London
    On the backside: company label of Goupil Gallery London" "Goupil & [….i], Publishers & [..]ealers in Foreign Pictures Engravings and other Works of Art, London"
  • label on the back: W 214, Siemens, I, 144 mAs, 828I, 30.3.32
    On the backside: X-ray label Wehlte with sketch of the x-rayed area: "W 214, Siemens, I, 144 mAs, 828I, 30.3.32".
  • label on the back: TR 9006 / 61
    On the backside: label with red toothed edge and printed border and typewritten: "TR 9006 / 61".
  • label on the back: S.L. No. / The Metropolitan Museum of Art / LOAN EXHIBITION [stamped:] M-101
    On the backside: Label, printed: "S.L. No. / The Metropolitan Museum of Art / LOAN EXHIBITION" stamped: "M-101".
  • label on the back: [printed:] No. / Lent by [typewritten:] L48.123/[] / Cleveland/Museum of Art
    On the backside: Label, torn at top, printed: "No. / Lent by" [typewritten:] "L48.123/[] / Cleveland/Museum of Art".
  • label on the back: [printed] Staatliche Museen Berlin – Gemäldegalerie / Inv.-Nr. [handwritten] III / 41[7] / [printed:]Kat. Nr.: [handwritten:] 828I [….]/D.alte mit d. roten Mütze
    On the backside: inventory note KFM, torn on the right: "[printed] Staatliche Museen Berlin – Gemäldegalerie / Inv.-Nr. [handwritten] III / 41[7] / [printed:]Kat. Nr.: [handwritten:] 828I [….]/D.alte mit d. roten Mütze".
  • label on the back: STAATLICHE MUSEEN BERLIN / GEMÄLDEGALERIE KAT.-NR. [typewritten:] [.]28I/Rembrandt/Der Alte mit […] roten Mütze
    On the backside: inventory note KFM, with loss on the right: "[printed:] STAATLICHE MUSEEN BERLIN / GEMÄLDEGALERIE KAT.-NR. [typewritten:] [.]28I/Rembrandt/Der Alte mit […] roten Mütze"
  • label on the back: Staatliche Museen Preußischer Kulturbesitz / GEMÄLDEGALERIE BERLIN / Kat. Nr. [typewritten:] 828I/Rembrandt, Werkstatt/Der Alte mit der roten Mütze
    On the backside: printed inventory note Dahlem with border and diagonal line: "Staatliche Museen Preußischer Kulturbesitz / GEMÄLDEGALERIE BERLIN / Kat. Nr. [typewritten:] 828 I/Rembrandt, Werkstatt/ Der Alte mit der roten Mütze".
Current attribution
attributed to Rembrandt
Rejected attribution
circle of Rembrandt
Since the work was first mentioned in 1847 it had been regarded as an autograph Rembrandt. Despite the fact that in the same year, doubts about the attribution were raised in a news article on the auction of the Comte d'Espagnac collection, the attribution to Rembrandt remained (Mantz 1847, p. 100). This was first questioned by Klessmann during the Rembrandt conference in 1970 (Klessmann 1973, p. 47). He compared the painting's X-ray with the X-ray of Joseph and Potiphar's wife from the Gemäldegalerie, and concluded that the painting technique in the Old man with a red cap was so different that it could not be a work by Rembrandt. In the catalog of 1975 by Kelch the work was still included as a Rembrandt, but with a reference to the similar "broad and spirited brushstrokes" of the Old man in an armchair (London), which authenticity had already been questioned by Gerson (Berlin 1975, p. 35). Tümpel attributed the work to the workshop of Rembrandt, referring to Klessmann and Kelch's observations (Tümpel 1986, no. A 48). In the 1986 and 1996 catalogs of the Gemäldegalerie the work is included as by a follower of Rembrandt. Sumowski, who first opposed the idea of de-attributing the work to Rembrandt, eventually categorized it as by a Rembrandt imitator (Sumowski 1983-1994, vol. 6 (1994), p. 3518). After re-evaluating the work, Ernst van de Wetering attributed the work to Rembrandt again in the last volume of the Corpus (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 6 (2015), no. 230). Van de Wetering remarks that neither the poor condition of the work nor the fact that it is a study rather than a finished painting have been taken into account in the debates regarding the authenticity. He considers the manner of painting typical for Rembrandt's work in the 1650s, as well as the complex layered build-up of the clothing. In addition, its expressiveness and the fact that two workshop copies (or "satellites") after the Berlin painting exist, support an attribution to Rembrandt according to Van de Wetering. Following the arguments of Van de Wetering and after conducting more research, the Gemäldegalerie supports an attribution to Rembrandt.
Date
Exact or approximate dating of the described art work; the search parameters adopted for this art work in this database, are found in brackets.
c. 1650 (1650 - 1655)
Artistically related
Artistically related to other work
Such as a preparatory studie, comparable composition, other version, or copy of the artwork in this record.
Provenance
Exhibitions and literature
Visual documentation
Technical documentation
The RKD manages a collection of technical documentation that has been given to us by external researchers and museums or which stems from the RKD's own research with infrared reflectography. Documentation can be accessed by appointment at the RKD. While not all technical documentation has been entered in the database at present, new data is added on a regular basis.
Creation date: 2011-02-14; Last modified date: 2020-04-23

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