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follower of Rembrandt or attributed to Rembrandt

Bust of Christ, ca. 1656
Cambridge (Massachusetts), Fogg Museum, [..]
Object information
Object category
painting
Support/medium
panel (oak), oil paint
Shape/dimensions
rectangle (portrait format) 25,5 x 20,4 cm
Signature/inscription
Information about the signature, dating, inscription or any other mark on the front or back of the art work
Current attribution
follower of Rembrandt
or attributed to Rembrandt
In art-historical literature, there is no consensus as to whether this work is an autograph Rembrandt or not. It is part of a series of several other heads of Christ in possession of different cultural institutions, some of which are attributed to Rembrandt and some to his followers (see De Witt/Ducos 2011, no. 39; Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 6 (2015), no. 217a and b).
Date
Exact or approximate dating of the described art work; the search parameters adopted for this art work in this database, are found in brackets.
c. 1656 (1645 - 1658)
The work was first mentioned in art historical literature in 1965, on the occasion of the work’s acquisition by the Fogg Art Museum. Slive then dated the work to the late 1640s, comparing it to six other similar studies of Christ which he dated to the same period (Slive 1965A, p. 38). Bauch disagreed and dated the painting to c. 1655, whereas Gerson agreed with Slive’s dating of the late 1640s (Bauch 1966, no. 213; Gerson 1968, no. 322; Bredius/Gerson 1969, no. 624A). Dendrochronological research during the late 1970s by Bauch and Eckstein revealed a more likely date of 1655 or later (Slive 1978, p. 458; Tümpel 1986, no. 79), but nevertheless the painting has been dated to 1648-52 on many occasions (Schwartz 1984, no. 319; Mortimer/Klingelhofer 1985, no. 191; Sutton 1986, p. 42; Bowron 1990, no. 123; Keyes 2004, p. 176-179). More recently, De Witt and Ducos stated that based on dendrochronology the earliest possible date is 1652, but a more likely date is the second half of the 1650s (De Witt/Ducos 2011, no. 39). The Fogg Art Museum currently dates the work around 1656 (see the online catalog).
Provenance
Exhibitions and literature
Visual documentation
Technical documentation
The RKD manages a collection of technical documentation that has been given to us by external researchers and museums or which stems from the RKD's own research with infrared reflectography. Documentation can be accessed by appointment at the RKD. While not all technical documentation has been entered in the database at present, new data is added on a regular basis.
Entered on: 2013-01-21; Last modification: 2018-05-02

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