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Rembrandt or studio of Rembrandt

Christ, ca. 1648-1656
Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), Philadelphia Museum [..]
Bredius 1935, no. 624
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a> or studio of <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
Illustration number 1001284006
Dimensions: 568x650 pixels
License under PUB DOM
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a> or studio of <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
Illustration number 0000370382
Dimensions: 464x549 pixels
License undetermined
Object information
Object category
painting
Support/medium
panel (oak), oil paint
Shape/dimensions
rectangle (portrait format) 35.8 x 31.2 cm
The painting has been extended on all sides by laying the original oak panel into a larger oak panel. The original dimensions were 24.7 x 20 cm (Philadelphia 1994, p. 89. See also DeWitt et al. 2011, no. 40). According to several old descriptions and reproductions, the additions to the painting were once even larger: both of the hands of Christ were partially visible. They were overpainted when the panel was reduced in size (see Slive 1965, p. 413-415; DeWitt et al. 2011, p. 50-55, 142).
Signature/inscription
Information about the signature, dating, inscription or any other mark on the front or back of the art work
  • with signature and date center right: Rembran. f. 1656
    The signature and date are located on the outer panel that was a later addition, and is therefore not authentic (Tümpel 1986, no. A 19).
Current attribution
Rembrandt
or studio of Rembrandt
The work is part of a group of several heads of Christ . The version in Philadelphia was generally considered an autograph Rembrandt in the art-historical literature, although Tümpel rejected this attribution (Tümpel 1986, no. A 19). In 2015 Van de Wetering argued that the Philadelphia painting, together with four other heads of Christ, was made by a pupil of Rembrandt (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 6 (2015), under no. 217b). The Philadelphia Museum of Art considers it to be an autograph Rembrandt (online collection catalogue, accessed 2017-07-18).
Date
Exact or approximate dating of the described art work; the search parameters adopted for this art work in this database, are found in brackets.
c. 1648-1656 (1648 - 1656)
The Philadelphia Museum of Art dates the work between 1648 and 1656 (online collection catalogue, accessed 2017-07-18).
Provenance
Exhibitions and literature
Visual documentation
Technical documentation
The RKD manages a collection of technical documentation that has been given to us by external researchers and museums or which stems from the RKD's own research with infrared reflectography. Documentation can be accessed by appointment at the RKD. While not all technical documentation has been entered in the database at present, new data is added on a regular basis.
Creation date: 2013-01-21; Last modified date: 2021-12-10

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