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Rembrandt

Scholar at his desk, 1641 gedateerd
Warszawa, Zamek Królewski w Warszawie, [..]
Bredius 1935, no. 219
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
Illustration number 1001084876
Dimensions: 486x650 pixels
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<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
Illustration number 1000314550
Dimensions: 1983x2709 pixels
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<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
Illustration number 1001084870
Dimensions: 650x320 pixels
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<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
Illustration number 1000276460
Dimensions: 852x1133 pixels
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<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
Illustration number 0000370096
Dimensions: 360x500 pixels
License undetermined
provenance
whereabouts
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Object information
Object category
painting
Physical connection
Reference in ‘composite artworks’: artworks that are/were connected, such as alterpieces, decorative pieces incorporated in panelling, and works of art that were intended to be displayed together, such as pendants and series.
This painting and the 'Girl in a picture frame' [RKD images no. 234188] were considered to be a pair since at least 1711. At a symposium in 2006 it has been suggested that the paintings represent Esther and Mordechai (Brown 2007, p. 108). Both Van de Wetering and Małachowicz state that the paintings were not made as a pair (Kelch/Van de Wetering 2006, no. 33; Juszczak/Małachowicz 2013, vol. 1, p. 391-392).
Support/medium
panel (poplar), oil paint
Shape/dimensions
rectangle (portrait format) 105,7 x 76,4 cm
Signature/inscription
Information about the signature, dating, inscription or any other mark on the front or back of the art work
  • signed and dated lower center: Rembrandt f. 1641
    on the desk
  • number upper left: 208
    in red paint; inv. no. Stanislaw II August Poniatowski; traces of the same number in the bottom right (Juszczak/Małachowicz 2013, vol. 1, p. 391)
  • number on the back: 32
    in black paint (Juszczak/Małachowicz 2013, p. 391)
  • inscription on the back: NB
    in red paint (Juszczak/Małachowicz 2013, p. 391)
  • seal on the back: CCR, monogram of Kazimierz Rzewuski
    Juszczak/Małachowicz 2013, p. 391
  • seal on the back: coat of arms held by an eagle with two jewels
    Juszczak/Małachowicz 2013, p. 391
  • seal on the back: coat of arms Lanckoronskis family
    Juszczak/Małachowicz 2013, p. 391
  • seal on the back: FR
    heart-shaped seal with monogram "FR" [=Fredericus Rex] and the inscription "BUREAU DE BERLIN", possibly referring to the customs office in Berlin (Juszczak/Małachowicz 2013, p. 391)
Current attribution
Rembrandt
This painting has always been regarded as an autograph Rembrandt, until doubted by Gerson in 1969 (see for instance: Bredius 1935, no. 19; Biernacka 1995, p. 27-28). Based on a photograph of the painting, Gerson considered an attribution to Rembrandt 'most unlikely' (Bredius/Gerson 1969, no. 219). In 1995 Klessmann suggested an attribution to Salomon Koninck (Klessmann 1995, p. 2253). However, this attribution was not followed by other art historians who remained convinced of Rembrandt's authorship (see for instance: Ziemba 1999, p. 62-64; Kelch/Van de Wetering 2006, no. 34; Juszczak/Małachowicz 2013, vol. 1, p. 391-394).
Date
Exact or approximate dating of the described art work; the search parameters adopted for this art work in this database, are found in brackets.
dated 1641 (1641)
Artistically related
Artistically related to other work
Such as a preparatory studie, comparable composition, other version, or copy of the artwork in this record.
Provenance
Exhibitions and literature
Visual documentation
Technical documentation
The RKD manages a collection of technical documentation that has been given to us by external researchers and museums or which stems from the RKD's own research with infrared reflectography. Documentation can be accessed by appointment at the RKD. While not all technical documentation has been entered in the database at present, new data is added on a regular basis.
Creation date: 2013-04-03; Last modified date: 2020-06-25

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