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Rembrandt

Self portrait as the apostle Paul, 1661 gedateerd
Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum, inv./cat.nr. SK-A-4050
Bredius 1935, no. 59
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
Illustration number 0001526326
Dimensions: 10132x12013 pixels
License under CC BY-NC-SA by © Rijksmuseum (Amsterdam)
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
Illustration number 0000372533
Dimensions: 2287x2724 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
Illustration number IB00032406
Dimensions: 1838x2122 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
Illustration number 0000003141
Dimensions: 506x650 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
Illustration number 0000003140
Dimensions: 496x650 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/66219" title="Rembrandt"><span class="text">Rembrandt</span></a>
Illustration number 0000003191
Dimensions: 495x650 pixels
License undetermined
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Object information
Object category
painting
Physical connection
Reference in ‘composite artworks’: artworks that are/were connected, such as alterpieces, decorative pieces incorporated in panelling, and works of art that were intended to be displayed together, such as pendants and series.

part of a series

In 1919 Schmidt Degener posited the idea that the Self Portrait as the apostle Paul was part of a series of apostles (Schmidt-Degener 1919, p. 266. This idea was taken over by Valentiner, who thought the painting was part of a larger series of apostles of more than ten half-length figures (Valentiner 1920 A, p. 221). The assumption that the Self portrait as the apostle Paul belonged to a series of paintings of apostles was adopted by several authors (Munz 1948, p. 64; Benesch 1956, p. 353; Tumpel 1986, p. 339). Contrary to these ideas, Champman states that the present work should be viewed as an independent work (Chapman 1990, p. 121). There is still no consensus of opinion about the issue of whether the painting belonged to a series or not (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-, vol. 4 (2005), no. IV 24). In the latest volume of the Corpus the painting is listed as part of a series (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-, vol. 6 (2015), no. 294).
Support/medium
canvas, oil paint
Shape/dimensions
rectangle (portrait format) 91 x 77 cm
Bikker/Schapelhouman/Krekeler 2014, online supplement, p. 14
Signature/inscription
Information about the signature, dating, inscription or any other mark on the front or back of the art work
  • signed and dated left center: Rembrandt. f. / 1661
    The loop of the f is connected to the first digit of the date. According to the RRP the shape of the R is atypical (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-, vol. 4 (2005), no. IV 24).
  • label location unknown: ‘From the Corsini Palace of Rome / brought to England by William Buchanan Esq. in Summer 1807’
    (information from Jonathan Bikker, curator of research at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, 2014)
Current attribution
Rembrandt
Date
Exact or approximate dating of the described art work; the search parameters adopted for this art work in this database, are found in brackets.
dated 1661 (1661)
Represented
IB number
Number related to the portrait iconography collection RKD.
32406
Identification based on
resemblance
Artistically related
Artistically related to other work
Such as a preparatory studie, comparable composition, other version, or copy of the artwork in this record.
  • copied in print by
    Giuseppe Longhi
    The engraving was made in 1799 when the painting was in the palazzo Corsini in Rome. It is inscribed: "Rembrandt pinxit Joseph Longhi sc. Med.ni – Rembrantii Effigies/ Ex Archetypo extanti in aedibus Corsiniis Romae." (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-, vol. 4 (2005), no. IV 24)

  • copied in print by
    Charles Turner
    mezzotint

    Reproduction made for 'The Kinnaird Collection or Cabinet Picture Gallery', London 1809. Inscribed: "Rembrandt. A Portrait of himself. Brought from the collection of the Corsini family at Rome by Mr Buchannan. 3’ by 2’6 1/8. Pubd. Jan. 2. 1809." (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-, vol. 4 (2005), no. IV 24)

Provenance
Exhibitions and literature
Visual documentation
Technical documentation
The RKD manages a collection of technical documentation that has been given to us by external researchers and museums or which stems from the RKD's own research with infrared reflectography. Documentation can be accessed by appointment at the RKD. While not all technical documentation has been entered in the database at present, new data is added on a regular basis.
External links
Website museum
Creation date: 1996-08-19; Last modified date: 2022-07-08

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