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Rembrandt

The blinding of Samson (Judges 16:21), 1636 gedateerd
Frankfurt am Main, Städel Museum, inv./cat.nr. [..]
provenance
whereabouts
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Object information
Object category
painting
Support/medium
canvas, oil paint
The threadcount coincides so closely with that of the canvas of Rembrandt's Danae (no. 40824), that it is plausible to assume that both canvases came from the same bolt (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 3 (1989), no. A 116).
Shape/dimensions
rectangle (landscape format) 206 x 276 cm
These measurements are excluding later additions of a strip of canvas at the top (ca. 30 cm), and strips of the lining canvas on the left and right (respectively about 15 cm and 12 cm wide). The overall dimensions are 235.5 x 302 cm, but the extra strips have been hidden behind the frame since restoration in 1981 (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 3 (1989), no. A 116; Krempel/Neumeister 2005-, vol. 1 (2005), p. 395)
Signature/inscription
Information about the signature, dating, inscription or any other mark on the front or back of the art work
  • with signature and date bottom left of the middle: Rembrandt.f.1636.
    probably not authentic. According to the RRP, it is conceivable that the inscription was copied after an original one along the bottom edge when a strip of canvas was lost or folded over (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 3 (1989), no. A 116).
Current attribution
Rembrandt
Date
Exact or approximate dating of the described art work; the search parameters adopted for this art work in this database, are found in brackets.
dated 1636 (1636)
The signature and date on the work are probably not authentic, but possibly have been copied after an original inscription which was lost when a strip of canvas was lost or folded over (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 3 (1989), no. A 116).
Artistically related
Artistically related to other work
Such as a preparatory studie, comparable composition, other version, or copy of the artwork in this record.
  • used as model for
    studio of Rembrandt
    canvas, 195 x 261 cm, Gemäldegalerie Kassel. Destroyed during the Second World War. Mentioned already in the Hauptinventar begun in 1749, as no. 834: 'Rembrant. Simson, welchen durch die Philister die Augen ausgestochen werden dabey mit Ketten gebunden, auf Leinen in verguldeten Rahmen vom Hoet [the art dealer Gerard Hoet II]. Höhe 6. Schuh 3. Zoll Breit 8. Schuh 2 Zoll [Rhineland feet = 196.2 x 256.8 cm].'

    Until Vosmaer doubted its authenticity in 1868, this work had been regarded as the original (Vosmaer 1868, p. 79). Bode nevertheless still regarded the work as autograph in 1870, as well as the work then still in the Schönborn collection in Vienna (Bode 1870, p. 241). In the Kassel version, the arm of the soldier leaning over Samson is smaller than in the Frankfurt original. As seen in X-rays, this matches the earlier state of the original, from which can be concluded that the Kassel copy has been made in Rembrandt's studio before he altered the shape of the arm in the original work now in Frankfurt (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 3 (1989), no. A 116, copy 1; Krempel/Neumeister 2005-, vol. 1 (2005), p. 398, Kopien/Varianten a).

  • copied in drawing by
    studio of Rembrandt
    brush drawing, 32.2 x 39.9 cm, unknown private collection.

    Reproduces either the copy in Kassel, or - probably - the Frankfurt original in its early state (before Rembrandt's corrections to the soldier leaning over Samson), but is slightly wider at the bottom and top. (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 3, no. A 116, copy 2; Krempel/Neumeister 2005-, vol 1 (2005), p. 398, Kopien/Varianten b).

  • used as model for
    attributed to Johann Zick, De blindmaking van Simson (Richteren 16:21)
    This copy reproduces the original before the added strips of canvas enlarged the work. If the attribution is correct, this copy is probably made between 1749 (arrival of father and son Zick in Würzburg) and 1751, when the work was transferred from Würzburg to Vienna (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 3 (1989), no A 116, copy 3; Krempel/Neumeister 2005-, vol. 1 (2005), p. 398, Kopien/Varianten c)

  • used as model for
    Anoniem
    canvas 45.5 x 57.3 cm, auction Cologne, Lempertz, 21-05-2005, no. 634

    The copy reproduces the original in the enlarged measurements, so must have been made after ca. 1751 (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 3, no. A 116, copy 4; Krempel/Neumeister 2005-, vol. 1 (2005), p. 398, Kopien/Varianten d)

  • used as model for
    Anoniem
    panel 41 x 55 cm, Vienna, Österreichische Galerie, Lower Belvedere.

    ca. 1750 (Krempel/Neumeister 2005-, vol. 1 (2005),, p. 398 Kopien/Varianten e)

  • used as model for
    Joseph Abel
    Mentioned in Duchesne, Musée de Peinture et de Sculpture ... dessiné et gravé à l'eau forte par Réveil, Paris 1829, no. 242, owned at this time by Prince Esterhazy in Vienna (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 3, no. A 116, copy 5; Krempel/Neumeister 2005-, vol. 1 (2005), p. 398, Kopien/Varianten f)

  • used as model for
    Johann Mitterwurzer
    canvas 44.7 x 55.7, private collection Innsbruck

    Signed and dated 1781 (Krempel/Neumeister 2005-, vol. 1 (2005), p. 398, Kopien/Varianten g)

  • used as model for
    attributed to Johann Zick
    canvas 66 x 86.5 cm, auction Vienna (Dorotheum) 16-06-2004, no. 180

    Krempel/Neumeister 2005-, vol. 1 (2005), p. 398, Kopien/Varianten h

  • used as model for

    by Hermann Kröger, canvas, 220 x 280 cm.

    Krempel/Neumeister 2005-, vol. 1 (2005), p. 398, Kopien/Varianten i

  • copied in print by
    Ferdinand Landerer, De blindmaking van Simson (Richteren 16:21)
    Reproduces the painting with the additions at the top and bottom, and therefore is an indication that the strips must have been added to the original before 1760 (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 3, no. A 116, graphic reproduction 1; Krempel/Neumeister 2005-, vol. 1 (2005), p. 398, graphische Reproduktionen a)

  • copied in print by
    Johann Jacobé, 'Samson trahi par Dalila'
    Reproduces the painting with the added strips (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 3, no. A 116, graphic reproduction 2; Krempel/Neumeister 2005-, vol. 1 (2005), p. 398, graphische Reproduktionen b)

  • copied in drawing by
    Wincenty de Lesseur, De blindmaking van Simson (Richteren 16:21)
  • copied in print by

    steel engraving by Albrecht Schultheiß, 13.7 x 17.7 cm

    inscription: "P. Rembrandt. pinx. / Gem. Gallerie Schönborn / A. Schultheiß" (Von Perger 1869, n.p., Krempel/Neumeister 2005-, vol. 1 (2005), p. 298-299, graphische Reproduktionen c)

Provenance
Exhibitions and literature
Visual documentation
Technical documentation
The RKD manages a collection of technical documentation that has been given to us by external researchers and museums or which stems from the RKD's own research with infrared reflectography. Documentation can be accessed by appointment at the RKD. While not all technical documentation has been entered in the database at present, new data is added on a regular basis.
Entered on: 2002-03-05; Last modification: 2019-05-08

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