studio of Rembrandt and Rembrandt or studio of Rembrandt free after Rembrandt

The sacrifice of Abraham (Genesis 22:10-12), 1636 gedateerd
Munich, Alte Pinakothek, inv./ 438
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Object information
Object category
canvas, oil paint
The canvas comes from the same bolt as the canvases of Rembrandt’s "Belshazzar's feast" (RKD Images no. 48717) and Rembrandt’s Minerva of 1635 (RKD Images no. 47937) (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 2 (1986), p. 28 and vol. 3 (1989), no. A 108, copy 2).
rectangle (portrait format) 195 x 132,3 cm
Information about the signature, dating, inscription or any other mark on the front or back of the art work
  • with signature and date below, right of the middle: Rembrandt. verandert. En overgeschildert. 1636
    There are differences of opinion on the interpretation of the in-scription (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 3 (1989), no. A 108, copy 2; Dekiert 2004, p. 48-54, 57-59).
Current attribution
studio of Rembrandt
and Rembrandt
or studio of Rembrandt
free after Rembrandt
In the earlier art-historical literature this painting was regarded as an autograph Rembrandt (see for instance: Hofstede de Groot 1907-1928, vol. 6 (1915), no. 8). Since 1935 this painting has generally been considered as a work by a pupil of Rembrandt, reworked by the master himself (see for instance: Bredius 1935, under no. 498; Brown/Kelch/ Van Thiel 1991, p. 182; Geneviève et al. 2003, no. 44) or a work solely made by a pupil of Rembrandt (see for instance: Rutgers/Rijnders 2014, p. 91-92; Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 6 (2015), under no. 136). Different suggestions for the identification of this pupil have been made: Lievens (Wessem 1956, p. 6), Flinck (see for instance: Regteren Altena 1957, p. 122; Von Moltke 1965, p. 66, no. 6; Middelkoop et al. 2017, p. 25) and Bol (Brown/Kelch/ Van Thiel 1991, p. 182). In the online collection catalogue of the museum, the painting is listed as studio of Rembrandt and reworked by Rembrandt (online collection catalogue, accessed 2018-09-19).
Exact or approximate dating of the described art work; the search parameters adopted for this art work in this database, are found in brackets.
dated 1636 (1636)
Artistically related
Artistically related to other work
Such as a preparatory studie, comparable composition, other version, or copy of the artwork in this record.
  • free after
    Rembrandt, Het offer van Abraham (Genesis 22:10-12)
    the copy diverges somewhat from the prototype, such as the direction of the angel, the addition of a tup and the use of colours (Rutgers/Rijnders 2014, p. 91)

  • related to
    Rembrandt, De engel voorkomt dat Abraham zijn zoon Isaak offert
    This drawing is usually regarded as a preparatory sketch for the painting with the same subject which is now in the Hermitage (RKD Images no. 40898) (see for instance: Royalton-Kisch 2010, no. 10). In 2015 Van de Wetering argued that this drawing is the preparaory sketch for the painting of The sacrifice of Abraham, kept in Munich (Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings 1982-2015, vol. 6 (2015), under no. 136).

Exhibitions and literature
Visual documentation
Technical documentation
The RKD manages a collection of technical documentation that has been given to us by external researchers and museums or which stems from the RKD's own research with infrared reflectography. Documentation can be accessed by appointment at the RKD. While not all technical documentation has been entered in the database at present, new data is added on a regular basis.
Entered on: 2002-02-25; Last modification: 2018-10-09


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