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Meester van Hakendover

Three virgins altarpiece, ca. 1400-1410
Hakendover, Kerk van de Goddelijke Zaligmaker [..]
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a> <a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 1001250995
Dimensions: 650x414 pixels
License under PUB DOM
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 1001250997
Dimensions: 650x320 pixels
License under PUB DOM
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001418281
Dimensions: 2796x1344 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001418286
Dimensions: 4044x2735 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001520122
Dimensions: 3280x2590 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001522542
Dimensions: 6456x6608 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001418277
Dimensions: 2088x2784 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001520125
Dimensions: 3149x4139 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001522543
Dimensions: 7060x10270 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001418285
Dimensions: 2399x2088 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001520126
Dimensions: 2996x4121 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001520124
Dimensions: 3077x4089 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001418272
Dimensions: 2123x2844 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001418273
Dimensions: 2159x2868 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001418274
Dimensions: 2123x2940 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001418275
Dimensions: 2255x2952 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001418282
Dimensions: 2796x2232 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001418283
Dimensions: 2916x2195 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001418284
Dimensions: 2832x2232 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001418279
Dimensions: 2700x1884 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001418280
Dimensions: 2004x1608 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001520123
Dimensions: 3156x4102 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001418278
Dimensions: 2171x2856 pixels
License undetermined
<a class="recordlink artists" href="/explore/artists/240601" title="Meester van Hakendover"><span class="text">Meester van Hakendover</span></a>
Illustration number 0001418276
Dimensions: 2052x2748 pixels
License undetermined
Object information
Object category
retable
Support/medium
oak, walnut, carved (sculpture technique)
Oak is used for the case and architectural decorations, while walnut wood is used for the sculptures. The additions of some original elements are in pear- or linden wood. The isolated figurines are solid, while the sculpted groups are hollowed in the back (D'Hainaut-Zveny 2005)
Between 1853-1855 the altarpiece is being restored by the Tienen joiner Henri Sondervorst, who removed the polychromy and gilding. He also renewed parts of the tracery and figurines. The KMKG made casts of the altarpiece in 1880. A second restoration is performed by the Leuven sculptor Van Uytvanck between 1919-1921. He replaced the missing crucified Christ, the John- and Mary group and other missing parts. According to Leeuwenberg the Christ was missing since before 1864. The groups went missing between 1894-1896, though the restorer did not use the casts as examples (Buyle/Vanthillo 2000; Leeuwenberg). Between 1981-1987 the altarpiece is examined in the KIK-IRPA (D'Hainaut-Zveny 2005)
In 1978, the altarpiece is plundered twice. After the robbery only 10 figures and 7 groups remain. A few of them have been found and were reinstalled in the retable. The missing gabs are filled with copies of the casts that were made by the KMKG in Brussels in 1880 (D'Hainaut-Zveny 2005)
Shape/dimensions
other 195 x 295 x 24 cm
in closed condition; 625 cm when open
Signature/inscription
Information about the signature, dating, inscription or any other mark on the front or back of the art work
  • signed : F V M T M
    carved on the back of the case
Current attribution
Meester van Hakendover
Date
Exact or approximate dating of the described art work; the search parameters adopted for this art work in this database, are found in brackets.
c. 1400-1410 (1400 - 1410)
The altarpiece gave its name to the master of the altarpiece of Hakendover, an anonymous sculptor who probably had his studio in Brussels in the first third of the fifteenth century. It is the oldest wooden altarpiece preserved in Belgium, presumably in its original location, the main altar of the Saint-Sauveur church of Hakendover. Its origin is not documented, but the iconography of the altarpiece is clear: twelve scenes tell the miraculous foundation of this church, whose Gothic choir was completed in 1425, while it was recognized by Rome in 1432. These parameters explain that the altarpiece is sometimes dated around 1432, but this date is disputed. Most authors place the altarpiece around 1400-1410 for stylistic reasons (D'Hainaut-Zveny 2005).
Artistically related
Artistically related to other work
Such as a preparatory studie, comparable composition, other version, or copy of the artwork in this record.
  • related to
    Meester van Hakendover, Passieretabel
    according to a note by Leeuwenberg in the Archive J. Leeuwenberg

  • related to

    Master of Hakendover, Apostle, ca. 1410-1420. Walnut wood, 39.5 x 15 x 9 cm. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. Inv. no. BK-16119

    according to a note by Leeuwenberg in the Archive J. Leeuwenberg there are similarities between the Apostle of the Rijksmuseum; for an image of the object, see literature Rijksmuseum

  • related to

    Master of Hakendover, Tabernacle, 1409. Stone. St Martinuskerk, Hal

    D'Hainaut-Zveny 2005; for an image of the tabernacle, see literature KIK-IRPA

  • related to

    Master of Hakendover, Prophets from the portal of the city hall of Brussels, 1405. Stone. Musée de la Ville, Brussels

    D'Hainaut-Zveny 2005; for an image, see literature KIK-IRPA

Provenance
Exhibitions and literature
Visual documentation
Creation date: 2017-02-23; Last modified date: 2018-06-22

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