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Hugo de Groot

Kwalificaties
wetenschapper, publicist
Nationaliteit/school
Noord-Nederlands
Geboren
Delft 1583-04-10
Overleden
Rostock 1645-08-28
Familierelaties
in dit veld wordt een familierelatie met één of meer andere kunstenaars vermeld.
son of Johan Hugo de Groot (1554-1640) and Alida Borren van Overschie (1561-1643). Marriedin Veere on 2 July 1608 to Maria van Reigersberch (1589-1653), father of Symon (1608-c. 1650), Cornelia (1611-1687), Cornelis (1613-1665), Pieter I (1614), Pieter II (1615-1678), Diederik (1618-1661) and three unnamed children (died in infancy)
Deze persoon/entiteit in andere databases
Biografische gegevens
Werkzame periode
1598 - 1645
Werkzaam in
Hier wordt vermeld waar de kunstenaar (langere tijd) heeft gewerkt en in welke periode. Ook relevante studiereizen worden hier vermeld.
  • Delft 1593
    at 8 years old entrusted to The Hague minister Wttenbogaert, with whom he lived
  • Leiden
    studied at the University of Leiden since 3 August 1594, living with Franciscus Junius; came in contact (and became friends with) Janus Dousa and Scaliger. Absolved the University in 1597
  • Parijs 1598
    was incorporated in the ambassy of Oldenbarnevelt and Justinus van Nassau to king Henry IV, who gave Hugo a golden chain with his portrait medallion
  • Orléans (Loiret) 1598
    obtained his doctorate in secular law and canon law in Orléans on 5 May 1598
  • Den Haag 1599 - 1613
    settled as a lawyer and recceived 1601 the assignment from the Estates General to write the official history of the Dutch Revolt. At the same time he continued the study of classical languages and witing Latin verse. He also wrote 1609 Mare Liberum ( a chapter of the much larger manuscript, De iure praedae commentarius, ed.princ. 1868). He joined the religious and polital party of Oldenbarnevelt and Wttenbogaert.
  • Londen (Engeland) 1609
    sent to London with Reinier Pauw, Jaob Boreel and Dirk Meerman to appease king James I, who was not amuse about his 'Mare Liberum', to safe Dutch commercial interests. King James thought him a humbug with many words and little content, the ambassy was not a great success.
  • Rotterdam 1613 - 1618
    appointed in June 1613 on recommandation of Van Oldenbarnevelt pensionary of the City of Rotterdam as successorof the recently deceased Elias van Oldenbarnevelt. He lived in a modest house on Prinsentraet; he became more and more wrapped up in the religio-political controversies of the day as a member of the Arminian party.
  • Den Haag 1618 - 1619
    Due to his religious publications he was arrested on 29 August 1618 with van Oldenbarnevelt and Hogerbeets and incarcerated in the state prison (Gevangenpoort) in The Hague, deprived from his family and friends; all means to defend himself were forbidden. On 19 May 1618 he was condemned to life imprisonment.
  • Muiden 1619 - 1621
    incarcerated in Castle Loevestein, from which he escaped in a book chest with help from his wife and her maid (22 March 1621)
  • Parijs 1621 - 1631
    By way of Gorkum and Antwerp he escaped to Paris, where his ife and her servant Elsje van Houweningen joined him in Spetember. He continued his scientific work, with as most outstanding work his 'De Jure belli ac pacis libri tres' (1625), which formed the foundation of international law for the coming centuries. As he refused to ask for a pardon from Frederic Henry of Orange it ws impossible to return to the Republic.
  • Frankfurt am Main 1634
    He steadfastly refused offers from foreign nations like France till he accepted the offer of the Swedish chancellor Oxenstierna to become Swedish ambassador in France. The life at court and the strained financial situation bored him, so that he accepted the invitation of Queen Christina to come to Stockholm in 1644
  • Hamburg 1645-04 - 1645
    He went to Sweden in April 1645 by way of Hamburg and Lübeck
  • Stockholm 1645
    Although the Queen received him with all honours and tried engage him as council of state, he met with much petty resistants and jealousy. For this reason he decide to return to Holland.
  • Rostock 1645
    On his return journey he suffered shipwreck on the Pommeranian coast and died as a result in Rostock on 28 August 1645. His brother-in-law Nicolaas van Reigersberch took care that his body was transferred to Holland and was buried in Nieuwe Kerk on 3 October.
geboren
werkzaam in
overleden
Ingevoerd op: 2011-08-15; Laatste wijziging: 2022-04-07

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