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Jan III Sobieski (koning van Polen)

man / Pools
koning, verzamelaar van Hollandse en Vlaamse schilderkunst
After his death an inventory was drawn up, stating that Jan III was in possession of 300 paintings, including Rembrandt, Pieter van Laer and probably Maria van Oosterwijck; he had relatively few landscapes, but animal pieces and still lifes were well represented (Gerson 1942/1983, p. 506).
Olesko (Oekraïne/Polen) 1629-08-27
Wilanów (Warschau) 1696-06-17
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Son of Jakub Sobieski and Teofila Zofia Sobieska. Married July 14th 1665 in Warsaw Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d’Arquien (1641-1716). She had 17 or 18 children (four from her first husband), of which only four survived infancy
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Biografische gegevens
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  • Krakau 1640 - 1646
    Had his education here: the Nowodworski College in Kraków in 1643 and the philosophical faculty of the Jagiellonian University in 1646
  • Europa 1646 - 1648
    Grand Tour through Europe with his elder brother Marek Sobieski (murdered by Cossacks in 1652)
  • Polen 1648
    After returning to the Lithuanian Commonwealth, they both voluntered in the army after the death of king Władysław IV Vasa to fight in the ensuing Cossack-Polish War. After the Swedish invasion of Poland Sobieski first joined the side of most regiments swearing alligiance to king Charles X Gustav of Sweden. He howevver defected again in March 1656 and joined king John II Casimir Vasa again. He became an important commander and joined the pro-French faction of Queen Marie Louise Gonzaga. In 1665 he married his French wife. His greatest popularity rested on his militairy successes against the Cossacks and his skilfull maneuverings during the unruely Polish diets (Sejm). Eventually he was elected kingof the Polish Luthuanian Commonwealth on 19 May 1674. Meanwhile his love for France cooled dramatically, resulting in a breach, and his gravitating more to Habsburg-Vienna in their struggles with the Ottoman Empire
  • Wenen 1683
    His greatst triumph came in 1683, commanding the Polish-German troops in the Battle of Vienna (12 September 1683), breaking the Turkish onslaught. He was hailed all over Europe as the Saviour of Western Civilization. He was nevetheless somewhat sidelined as the Polish junior and the Ottoman War thereore dragged on with little more successes.
  • Wilanów (Warschau) 1691 - 1696
    After 1691 he spent more time at home to consolidate his position there. Increasing ill health tid him down and eventually he died of a heart-attack on 17 June 1796 in Wilanów. He failed to reform the ailing Commonwealth, and to secure the throne for his heir. At the same time, he displayed high military prowess, he was well educated and literate, and a patron of science and arts. His first loyalty was to his wife. After her death in 1716 in Blois she was transported to Warsaw and interred 1717 next to her former husband in the Capucin Church.
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Ingevoerd op: 2012-10-29; Laatste wijziging: 2022-04-07


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