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Kwalificaties
auteur, kunstcriticus, schilder, miniatuurschilder, directeur van academie, schilderijenverzamelaar, tekeningenverzamelaar, prentenverzamelaar
He copied several old masters, a.o. Rembrandt, Titiaan, Van Dyck and Rubens (Mannings 2000) His first publication was published in Dr. Johnson's ' Idler' in 1759. In 1764 he would found ' The Club', also with Dr. Johnson (Penny et al. 1986, p. 15)
Nationaliteit/school
Engels
Geboren
Plympton 1723-07-16
Overleden
Londen (Engeland) 1792-02-23
Familierelaties
in dit veld wordt een familierelatie met één of meer andere kunstenaars vermeld.
He was the third son and seventh child of the Rev. Samuel Reynolds (Penny et al. 1986)
Deze kunstenaar in andere databases
Biografische gegevens
Opleiding
Royal Academy of Arts (Londen)
Reynolds became the first president of the Royal Academy, of which he was also the co-founder, on 14 December 1768.; between 2 January 1769 and 1790 he delivered his 'Discourses on Art' (Tromans/ Kabbani 2008) The first Dicourses were published as a book in May 1779 (Penny et al. 1986, p. 16)
Florence Academy of Art
He was elected a member in 1775 (Penny et al. 1986, p. 15)
Werkzaam in
Hier wordt vermeld waar de kunstenaar (langere tijd) heeft gewerkt en in welke periode. Ook relevante studiereizen worden hier vermeld.
  • Plymouth 1740
  • Londen (Engeland) 1740 - 1749
    Reynolds started his apprenticeship with Thomas Hudson, a portrait painter, whom he left agian in the summer of 1743 (Penny et al. 1986, p. 18)
  • Devonport (Engeland) 1740 - 1744
    Between 1740 and 1749 he was active as a portrait painter in London as well as Devenport (Penny et al. 1986)
  • Londen (Engeland) 1744-12
    Although he was back in London in December 1744, he gravitated also between Devenport, where his father died at the end of 1745 and Plymouth, where the naval officers were probably his fist clients. (Penny et al. 1986, p. 18)
  • 1749-05-11
    On 11 May he set sail for the Mediterranean with Commodore Keppe, a son of the Earl of Albemarle, who went on a mission to the Bey of Tunis: he would go to Algiers by way of Lisbon and Gibraltar. When Keppel went to Algiers, Reynolds got of at Minorca, where he painted the officers of the British garrison (Penny et al. 1986, p. 19)
  • Livorno 1750-01-27
    From Minorca he sailed to Leghorn and went on to Rome, where he arrived in April (Penny et al. 1986, p. 19)
  • Rome 1750-04 - 1752
    He arrived in Rome in April (Penny et al. 1986)
  • Napels 1752-04 - 1752
  • Florence 1752-05
    He went from Napels by way of Rome to Florence (Penny et al. 1986)
  • Bologna 1752-07
    (Penny et al. 1986)
  • Venetië 1752-08
    (Penny et al. 1986)
  • Parijs 1752-09
    (Penny et al. 1986)
  • Londen (Engeland) 1752-10
    (Penny et al. 1986)
  • Devonport (Engeland) 1752 - 1753
    Before settling down in London, he payed a short visit to his relatives in Devonshire (Penny et al. 1986, p. 19)
  • Londen (Engeland) 1753 - 1792
    He settled in London, first in St. Martin's Lane and then in Great Newport Street (Penny et al. 1986, p. 14) In 1760 he moved to Leicester Fields and build a new studio (Penny et al. 1986, p. 15)
  • Parijs 1768-09-09 - 1768-10-23
  • Londen (Engeland) 1769-01-02 - 1771
    He delivered his first 'Discours on Art'on 2 January 1769 (Penny et al. 1986, p. 15)
  • Parijs 1771-08-15 - 1771-10-23
    He was in Paris to see the Crozat Auction (Penny et al. 1986, p. 15)
  • Plympton 1772-09 - 1773
    In September he was elected Alderman of the borough of Plympton. In 1773 (September-4 October) he was elected and sworn in as Mayor of Plympton; he was awarded a Doctorate in Civil Law at the University of Oxford (9 July) (Penny et al. 1986, p. 15)
  • Brugge 1781-07-24
    Between 24 July and 14 september he travelled through the Southern and Northern Netherlands with Philip Metcalf (Penny et al. 1986, p. 16)
  • Gent 1781
  • Brussel 1781
  • Antwerpen 1781
  • Den Haag 1781
  • Amsterdam 1781
  • Düsseldorf 1781
  • Keulen 1781
  • Luik (stad) 1781
  • Brussel 1781
  • Gent 1781
  • Oostende 1781-09-14
    (Penny et al. 1986, p. 16)
  • Londen (Engeland) 1781-09 - 1785
    Here he suffered his first severe inflammation of his eyes (19 January 1783). Despite this setback he was sworn in as successor to Ramsay as Painter in Ordinary to the King (1 September 1784) (Penny et al. 1986, p. 16)
  • Antwerpen 1785-07-20
    Second journey to the continent with Philip Metcalf (Penny et al. 1986, p. 16: Penny lets the journey start in Brussels, then to Ghendt and following to Antwerp: this seems to be in the wrong sequens, as Antwerp is the natural harbour coming from England)
  • Gent 1785
  • Brussel 1785-08
  • Londen (Engeland) 1785-09 - 1789-07
  • Sussex (graafschap) 1789-08
    Despite loosing sight in one of his eyes he travelled the Sussex coast (Penny et al. 1986, p. 16)
  • Londen (Engeland) 1790-02-11 - 1792-02-23
    He resigned as President of the Royal Academy on 11 February 1790, although he withdrew his resignation again on 15 May. In October he almost completely stopped painting and delivered his last Dicours on 10 December 1790. On 5 November 1791 he went completely blind. He died on 23 February 1792 of a malignant tumour on the liver. (Penny et al. 1986, p. 16)
geboren
werkzaam in
overleden
Onderwerpen
In dit veld worden de diverse onderwerpscategorieën of genres vermeld die in het oeuvre van de beschreven kunstenaar voorkomen. De inhoud van dit veld is doorgaans meer gebaseerd op het aanwezige beeldmateriaal in het RKD dan op de literatuur.
allegorie, genrevoorstelling, historie (als genre), literatuur (genre), mythologie, portret, zelfportret, christelijk religieuze voorstelling, oriëntalisme
Ingevoerd op: 1992-01-24; Gewijzigd op: 2017-09-04

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