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Ferdinand von Wittelsbach (Duke)

man / Duits
Kwalificaties
prins, geestelijke
Nationaliteit/school
Duits
Geboren
München 1577-10-06
Overleden
Arnsberg 1650-09-13
Familierelaties
in dit veld wordt een familierelatie met één of meer andere kunstenaars vermeld.
Son of Duke Wilhelm V of Bavaria and his wife Renata of Lorraine. His uncle was the Cologne Archbishop Ernst von Bayern. One of his brothers was Elector Maximilian I of Bavaria.
Zie ook
in dit veld vindt u verwijzingen naar een groepsnaam of naar de kunstenaars die deel uitma(a)k(t)en van de groep. Ook kunt u verwijzingen naar andere kunstenaars aantreffen als het gaat om samenwerking zonder dat er sprake is van een groep(snaam). Dit is bijvoorbeeld het geval bij kunstenaars die gedeelten in werken van een andere kunstenaar voor hun rekening hebben genomen (zoals bij P.P. Rubens en J. Brueghel I).
De Lairesse was in his employ (Houbraken 1721).
Biografische gegevens
Werkzaam in
Hier wordt vermeld waar de kunstenaar (langere tijd) heeft gewerkt en in welke periode. Ook relevante studiereizen worden hier vermeld.
  • München 1577 - 1587
  • Ingolstadt 1587
    Educated, together with his brother Philipp Wilhelm in the Gymnasium of the Jesuits
  • Keulen 1590 - 1592
    As the intended successor of his uncle Ernst von Bayern, arch-bishop and elector of Cologne, prince-bishop of Liege, Hildesheim and Münster he was sent to Colgne, where he studied under Adolph Wolff von Metternich (1553–1619) from Speyer. He was canon of the cathedrals of Mainz, Trier, Salzburg, Würzburg and Passau, which brought him in a fast income.
  • Rome 1592 - 1593
    Studied there, with Adolph Wolff von Metternich. Met with pope Clemens VIII
  • Keulen 1595
    In 1595 he became co-adjutor in Cologne, where his uncle led a very worldly life with a mistress at his side and greatly neglecting his religious duties. In 1599 prince abbott of Stablo-Malmédy, 1601 coadjutor of Liege, of Hildesheim and Münster in 1611. At the death of his uncle in 1612 he finally became archbishop of Cologne, princce-bishop of LiegeMünster and and since 1618 also of Paderborn. He was however never ordaned as a priest, as his brother Maximilian, the Elector of Bavaria remained without children for a long time and Ferdinand could one day be his successor and in a position to marry. As bishop he devoted himself fully to the counter-reformation. His spare-time he filled with hunting and the arts. Politically he always stood on one line with his brother in Munich and joined the Catholic League at the beginning of the thirty years war. In the first en years he was able to protect his lands from the devastations of war. That changed with the entry of Sweden in the war: after the catholic defeat at Breitenfeld Cologne became an area where French, Spanish, Swedish and Imperial bands of marauding soldiers had free reign. In 1642 his brother Albrecht's youngest son, Maximilian Heinrich von Bayern, became his co-adjutor in Cologne, Hildesheim (1643) and Liege (1649. He died in Arnsberg on 13 September 1650 and was buried inside the cathedral in Cologne.
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Ingevoerd op: 2021-06-10; Laatste wijziging: 2021-06-16

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