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Pieter Bruegel (I)

painter, draftsperson, print artist
South Netherlandish
Breugel/Breda (place) 1526/1530
born between 1526 and 1530 (Saur 1992-); according to Het Schilder-Boeck by Karel van Mander born 'op een Dorp, gheheeten Brueghel', 'niet wijt van Breda' and active 'in Brabant in een onbekent Dorp onder den Boeren, om Boeren met den Pinceel nae te bootsen'; the combination of these data seems to indicate that the birthplace of Brueghel should more likely be identified with the current Son en Bruegel (near Eindhoven, Noord-Brabant) situated in the then Duchy of Brabant, rather than with the current Kleine-Brogel and Grote-Brogel near Bree (Belgisch Limburg), which was designated in Latin as Breda and belonged to the Principality of Liège; ; also Antwerp is suggested as place of birth (see on this discussion for example Sellink 2007; Huet 2016; Büttner 2019; Capals/Corstjens/Henckens 2019)
Brussels 1569-09-09
date of death according to Saur; according to Thieme/Becker he died on 5 September 1569; buried in the Kapellekerk, together with his wife, who survived him till 1578 (Rombouts/Van Lerius 1872/1961)
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
in 1563 married to Mayken Coecke, daughter of Pieter Coecke van Aelst; father of Pieter Brueghel II and Jan Brueghel I
See also
In this field, you will find references to names of groups or to the artists that made/make up groups. You may also come across references to other artists if there was/is question of collaboration without a joint name. This is the case, for instance, with artists who rendered parts of works by other artists (such as with P.P Rubens and J. Brueghel I).
worked since 1554 with Hieronymus Cock
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Active in
  • Antwerpen (stad) 1551
    The painter 'Peeter Brueghels' is registered in 1551 as a Free Master in the Antwerp Saint Luke Guild (Rombouts/Van Lerius 1872/1961)
  • Mechelen 1551-10
    collaborated with Claude Dorisy before 11 October 1551; probably left for Italy in the spring of 1552 (Büttner 2000, p. 209)
  • Parijs
    probably went to Paris through Mons, Valenciennes, Cambrai, Peronne, Roye and Senlis (Büttner 2000, p. 214)
  • Lyon
    probably went by boat from France to Italy; not over the Alps (Büttner 2000, p. 213-215)
  • Rome
  • Napels
    Büttner 2000, p. 215-216
  • Reggio di Calabria (stad) 1552-07
    witnessed the great fire in Reggio (Büttner 2000, p. 209, 214)
  • Messina (stad)
  • Rome 1553
    Büttner 2000, p. 214, 216-221; Noack 1927
  • Tivoli
    Büttner 2000, p. 220
  • Bologna (stad)
    probably passed Bologna on his return to Antwerp; met the Bolognese geographer Scipio Fabius (Büttner 2000, p. 221)
  • Milaan 1553
    probably took the road over Milan and the Gotthard pass (Büttner 2000, p. 222)
  • Gotthardpas (Zwitserland)
  • Antwerpen (stad) 1554 - 1563-07
    The banns of 'Peeter Brueghel' and 'Mayken Koeck' in the marriage registers of the Cathedral of Antwerp dates from July 25, 1563 (Bastiaensen 2013).
  • Brussel 1563-08 - 1569
    The marriage certificate in the Kapellekerk in Brussels of 'Peeter Brugel' and 'Mayken Cocks' dates from 1563 (without mentioning year and day) (Bastiaensen 2013).
born in
active in
died in
This field specifies the various subject categories or genres that constitute the oeuvre of the artist in question. The contents of this field are generally based more on the documentation available at the RKD than on the literature.
landscape (genre), portrait, still life, animal painting (genre), marine (genre)
oil paint
Creation date: 1991-11-20; Last modified date: 2023-08-14


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