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Dirck Volckertsz. Coornhert

Nationality/school
North Netherlandish
Born
Amsterdam 1522
His parental home was at the East Side of the Warmoesstraat, in 1522 one of the better addresses in Amsterdam.
Deceased
Gouda 1590-10-29
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
son of the prosperous cloth-merchant Volckert Dircksz Coornhert (1490-1562) and Truytgen Clemensdr, daughter from a very wealthy family; he married, probably in Haarlem, in 1539, against the oppositon of his parents, to Cornelia Simonsdr (c. 1478-1584).
See also
In this field, you will find references to names of groups or to the artists that made/make up groups. You may also come across references to other artists if there was/is question of collaboration without a joint name. This is the case, for instance, with artists who rendered parts of works by other artists (such as with P.P Rubens and J. Brueghel I).
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Active in
  • Haarlem 1520 - 1538
  • Frankrijk 1538 - 1539
  • Spanje 1538 - 1539
    at age 16 he made an educational trip to France and Spain (Bonger et al. 1989, p. 9)
  • Vianen 1539 - 1542
    As he married in opposition to his parents wishes, he had to start earning his own money as off c. 1539, first as an engraver and etcher; then, to provide for his livelihood, Coornhert accepted the post as steward of Castle Batestein near Vianen in the service of nobleman Reinoud III van Brederode
  • Haarlem 1543 - 1567
    Back in Haarlem, he took on his work as printmaker again, but also as a translator (from Latin to Dutch), and studied law and ethics in the meantime. For his relaxation he became a poet and a playwright. He also became involved in the manegement of the city in 1562 as a notary and city secretary. As such he also came in contact with in struggle against the central powers in Brussels as a messenger and negotiator for Haarlem. He became an enthusiastic supporter of William of Orange. He took an active part in the protection of (catholic) church property during the iconoclastic troubles ('de beeldenstorm') of the summer of 1566. As he nevertheless -quite rightly- feared the vengeful policies of the duke of ALva and Philip II of Spain, resigned his secretaryship in May 1567 and took shelter in Cologne
  • Keulen 1567-05 - 1567-07
  • Haarlem 1567-07
    Thinking that the worst was over in Haarlem, he returned to the city in July 1567. When the Duke of Alva arrived in Brussels in August 1567, he had Coornhert arrested (16 September) and trasported to The Hague (de Gevangenpoort).
  • Den Haag 1567-09
    During his interrogations and subsequent trial he was released on his word. Made wise by the faithlessness of Alva and Philips II, he broke his word and moved again to Cologne.
  • Keulen 1568-05
    see Veldman 1993
  • Xanten 1568 - 1576
    In Lutheran Xanten in the duchy of Gulik, he enjoyed the relative protection of the religious Peace of Augsburg of 1555. In his absence from Haarlem, he was condemned to perpetual exile and and was his property was forfeited (in the general pardon of 1574 he was still explicitly excluded). During his second exile he became involved as secretary of the States of Holland and even visited, on and off, some cities in Holland and Zealand. When Alva however opened his offensive in Holland (the siege of Haarlem, 1573), Coornhert retired again to Xanten.
  • Haarlem 1577 - 1585
    from 1577 onwards, when the Dutch Revolt took a (temporary) turn for the better, after the mutiny of the Spanish army in the Southern Netherlands (the spanish Fury, 1576), and many cities in North and South declared for the prince of Orange. Coornhert received some financial satisfaction from Holland, but he never held public office. Instead he earned his living as a notary. When the Revolt was again loosing terrain and was pushed back more and more towards Holland and Zealand, Coornhert came into conflict with the calvinistic majority (especially after the assasinationof William of Orange on 10 July 1584).
  • Wesel 1585
    After his patrons were dead (William of Orange, burgomaster Nicolaes van der Laan), he had to take refuge again outside Haarlem. First in Emden, but also for a short while in Wesel and Goch. When Delft and Leiden refused him, he temporarily stayed in Emden, till the city council of Gouda allowed him to come and spent his final years there
  • Goch 1585
  • Emden 1585 - 1588
  • Gouda 1588 - 1590-10-18
    see Gouda 1988
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Creation date: 1991-12-02; Last modified date: 2021-05-11

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