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Desiderius Erasmus

Nationality/school
North Netherlandish
Born
Rotterdam 1467/1469
ca. 1467-1469. According to Erasmus' own biography in a letter from 1524, he was born on the night of October 27 to 28 in the year 1467: despite this mention there is still controversy among scholars (1467-1469).
Deceased
Basel (Switzerland) 1536-07-12
buried in Basel Cathedral
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
Erasmus was son of one Gerardus Rogerii, a priest (or at least about to be ordained a priest), and Margaret, the daughter of a surgeon from Zevenbergen; he had an older brother called Pieter.
See also
In this field, you will find references to names of groups or to the artists that made/make up groups. You may also come across references to other artists if there was/is question of collaboration without a joint name. This is the case, for instance, with artists who rendered parts of works by other artists (such as with P.P Rubens and J. Brueghel I).
A drawing signed Talesius may be by Quirijn Talesius, housemate, secretary and friend of Desiderius Erasmus.
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Active in
  • Gouda
    In his early years, Erasmus and his brother Pieter visited the school in Gouda (the following overview of Erasmus life mainly based on: site KB, The Hague).
  • Deventer 1476 - 1487
    c. 1476-1478 enroled in the chapter school of St. Lebuinus, where he once heard Rudolf Agricola (1444-1484), which made a lasting impression
  • Gouda 1487 - 1492
    After his parents death of the plague (1487), Erasmus reluctantly entered the Augustean monastery of Emmaus in Stein (at the time Steyn) near Gouda, where he took his vows in 1488.
  • Utrecht 1492 - 1495
    On April 25, 1492, Erasmus was ordained as priest in the diocese of Utrecht; became secretary of bishop Hendrik van Bergen of Cambrai. When their trip to Rome fell through (lack of money), Erasmus urged the bishop to send him to Paris with a stipend to study theology.
  • Parijs 1495 - 1499
    Erasmus at the Collège Montaigu; his wish to get his doctorate was frustrated because of the harsh physical regime in the college. To obtain income, Erasmus taught young sons of noble birth. In the autumn of 1498, Erasmus added the young Lord Mountjoy, William Blount, as a new student. With this Mountjoy Erasmus left in 1499 for a first visit to England.
  • Londen (Engeland) 1499-08 - 1500-01-27
    summer 1499 till early 1500; contact with John Colet and Thomas More; when he left England, the customs office (illegically) confiscated all his money
  • Parijs 1500
    Because of his precarious financial situation as well as his fear of the plague epidemic, which sometimes reared its head here in Europe and then there, Erasmus continued to travel in the 1500s-1502s, fleeing the plague and seeking support from potential protectors. In July 1501, Erasmus eventually came to Paris, Orléans and Holland,
  • Orléans (Loiret) 1501
  • Holland (hist. graafschap) 1501
  • Tournehem-sur-la-Hem 1501 - 1502
    When the bishop of Cambrai cut off his allowance, and the monastery in Stein demanded his return, he found sanctuary with his friend Jacob Batt at Tournehem Castle, Southern Netherlands (nowadays in France).
  • Leuven 1502 - 1504
    publication of his 'Enchiridion militis Christiani' (Handbook of the militant christian) in Paris in 1503; met with Nicolas Ruistre (c. 1442-1509), 1502 bishop of Arras. Erasmus was a long-term guest of Jean Desmarais, professor of rhetoric and canon of the St. Peter's Church in Leuven.
  • Brussel 1504
    Erasmus wrote a eulogy (Panegyricus) on the return of Philip the Fair from Spain in 1504. On January 6, 1504, he delivered this eulogy at court in Brussels.
  • Engeland 1505 - 1506
    second journey to England (to escape his return to Steyn monastery), where he stayed with Thomas More and met with influential scholars, humanists and protectors (among whom King Henry VII)
  • Alpen (gebergte) 1506
    journey to Italy as governor of the two sons of Giambattista Boerio, Henry VII's doctor; his poem 'Carmen equestre vel potius alpestre'
  • Turijn 1506-09-04 - 1506
    received his doctorate spontaneously from the University on 4 September 1506
  • Pavia 1506
  • Florence 1506
  • Bologna 1506-11-22 - 1507
    witnessed Julius II's triumphal entry (almost like a Caesar) over the conquered city; stayed one year, after which he left for Venice
  • Venetië 1507 - 1508
    worked in the house of the printer Aldus Manutius; finally perfected his Greek in the Byzantine colony (since 1453 in Venice) around this editor; stayed for 8 months
  • Padua 1508 - 1508-12
    because of threat of war, he moved on to Rome
  • Ferrara 1509
  • Siena 1509
  • Rome 1509
    Erasmus was mainly shocked by the sycophantic court in the Vatican around Julius II at the Vatican
  • Napels 1509
    decided to go to England, where Henry VIII had ascended to the throne on May 22, 1509, promising an intellectual golden age
  • Alpen (gebergte)
  • Londen (Engeland) 1509-08 - 1511-04
    stayed with Thomas More; health problems (kidney stones); wrote 'Laus Stultitiae'
  • Dover (Engeland) 1511-04
    on his way to the continent
  • Parijs 1511
    supervising the printing of 'Laus Stultitiae'
  • Cambridge (Engeland) 1512 - 1514
    professor of classical Greek, at Queen's College
  • Leuven 1514
    departure from England and travel to Basel (via Leuven, Strasbourg and Mainz)
  • Straatsburg 1514
    Departure from England and travel to Basel (via Leuven, Strasbourg and Mainz)
  • Mainz 1514
    Departure from England and travel to Basel (via Leuven, Strasbourg and Mainz)
  • Basel (Zwitserland) 1514
    published Parabolae (comparisons)
  • Engeland 1515
    short trip to England; meets painter Hans Holbein
  • Vlaanderen (regio) 1516
    publication of Erasmus' new Latin translation of the New Testament; councilor of Charles V; wrote Institutio principles christiani (The training of a Christian prince) for Charles V
  • Leuven 1517 - 1521
    received papal dispensation to live outside monastery and to wear civil clothes; gets more and more involved in the controversies around Luther
  • Basel (Zwitserland) 1521 - 1531
    beginning of a prolonged illness
  • Freiburg 1531 - 1535
    moved to Freiburg i.B. , due to Basel reformation
  • Basel (Zwitserland) 1535 - 1536-07
    refuged to become a cardinal; died in the night of July 11-12, 1636; buried in Basel Cathedral
born in
active in
died in
Subjects
This field specifies the various subject categories or genres that constitute the oeuvre of the artist in question. The contents of this field are generally based more on the documentation available at the RKD than on the literature.
genre, history (as a genre)
Medium/technique
oil paint
Comment
Het Rijksprentenkabinet in Amsterdam bezit een tekening door Jan Stolker met de kruisiging met Maria en Johannes de Doper (inv. RP-T-00-1303), die volgens een opschrift door Stolker (in verso) zou zijn gekopieerd naar een schilderij door Erasmus; zie hierover: J.W. Niemeijer, 'Jan Stolker', in: Th. Laurentius, J.W. Niemeijer en G. Ploos van Amstel, Cornelis Ploos van Amstel 1726-1798. Kunstverzamelaar en prentuitgever, Assen 1980, p. 54-57 (een voorbereidende lijntekening door Jan Stolker voor de tekening in Amsterdam bevindt zich in het Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen te Rotterdam, inv. MB 1992/T2:38).
Entered on: 1991-12-14; Modification on: 2020-04-30

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