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Gustav III (king of Sweden)

male / Swedish
king, collector of Dutch and Flemish painting, art collector
Gustav III inherited part of the collection from his parents, Adolf Fredrik and Louisa Ulrika, who owned many works by Dutch artists such as Rembrandt and Frans Hals. He expanded this collection with other Dutch works (Gerson 1942/1983). Gustav III bought works by, among others, Rembrandt, Ferdinand Bol, Gabriel Metsu, Pieter de Hooch, Thomas de Keyser, Salomon and Philips Koninck and Jan Victors at an auction of Eva Bielke's collection. After his death, the collection was exhibited in the Royal Museum, which was founded in 1792 and housed in the Stockholm Palace (Cavalli-Björkman 2005). According to an inventory made by Lucas von Breda, Gustav III owned 15 paintings by Rubens (Cavalli-Björkman 2010)
Stockholm 1746-01-24
Stockholm 1792-03-29
He was shot during a masked ball by disgruntled nobles. Although the shot was not leathal in it self, septicimia set in of which he died 15 days later (His assasination was later used by Giuseppe Verdi as the original plot for his opera 'La Forza del Destino')
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
Son of Adolf Frederick, King of Sweden and Queen Louisa Ulrika of Prussia. Married to Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, father of Gustav IV Adolf and rince Carl Gustav, Duke of Småland
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Active in
  • Stockholm
  • Parijs 1770 - 1771
    Johnsson/Bjurström 1988; Kisluk-Grosheide/Rondot 2018: 1771 in Paris
  • Drottningholm 1777
    since 1777
  • Italië 1783
  • Parijs 1784
    Kisluk-Grosheide/Rondot 2018
  • Gripsholms Slott (Mariefred)
    Royal portraits were housed at Gripsholm Castle. It was renovated by Gustavus III in 1744, a.o. by including the theater and the queen's wing. The suites were also decorated in Gustavian style (Stockholm 1969).
  • Stockholm 1787
    Gustavus III's Pavilion in Haga Park, built around 1787
born in
active in
died in
Creation date: 1991-12-15; Last modified date: 2021-07-29


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