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Willem IV (prins van Oranje-Nassau)

Qualifications
dignitary, noble, art collector
Nationality/school
North Netherlandish
Born
Leeuwarden 1711-09-01
Deceased
The Hague 1751-10-22
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
Son of Johan Willem Friso van Nassau-Dietz and Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel, father of William V of Orange.
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Active in
  • Soestdijk 1717
    A fall from a horse caused serious damage to his back. The ensuing deformation would hinder him his entire life and would eventually lead to his death in 1751.
  • Franeker (Franekeradeel)
    study, especially interested in (dynastic) history
  • Utrecht (stad)
    study
  • Den Haag 1721 - 1751
    The negotiations concerning his marriage with the English Princess Anna of Hannover would drag on for over twelve years till the banns were read on 21 October 1733 in Leeuwarden. When the marriage was again postponed in 1733, the prince became ill and went to Bath to recover his health.
  • Bath (Engeland) 1733
  • Londen (Engeland) 1734-03-25
    The coule were married in the French chapel of St. James's Palace. The incidental music was composed by George Frederic Handel on texts by Princess Anne herself.
  • Leeuwarden 1734
    Early married life in Leeuwarden, where Willem was Stadtholder. In the panic that followed the French invasion of the Southern Netherlands during the War of the Austrian Succession in 1747, Willem was nominated Captain-General of the Army and Admiral-General of the Fleet of the Republic and Stadtholder in all provinces on 2 May 1747 (the end of the 2nd so-called Stadtholderless period)
  • Den Haag 1747
    Move to Huis ten Bosch Palace
  • Amsterdam 1747
    After his inauguration in Amsterdam, where the Orange frenzy had reached feever point due to the militairy situation, he was nominated hereditary Stadtholder (even in the female line) of the whole Republic.
  • Den Haag 1748 - 1751
    In 1748 his son Willem Batavus was born. In the meantime, most anti-Orangist city councils were replaced by Orangist party members. When Willem shortly afterwards returned many of the deposed regents to their seats, he lost most of the popular goodwill he had earned. When his health deteriorated he took a cure in Aix-la-Chapelle (Aken), without much result. He died on Huis ten Bosch on 22 October 1751, leaving his wife Anna as regent for his son (till her death in 1759. His mother Maria Louise of Hesse-Kassel took over this function in Leeuwarden (till her death in 1765)
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Creation date: 2010-03-18; Last modified date: 2022-03-06

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