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Albertine Agnes van Oranje-Nassau

Qualifications
art collector, princess
Nationality/school
North Netherlandish
Born
The Hague 1634-04-09/1634-04-20
Schacht/Bartoschek et al. 1999, p. 357: 20 April
Deceased
Oranjewoud (Heerenveen) 1696-05-14/1696-05-24
According to Schacht/Bartoschek et al. 1999, p. 358, she died on 14 May 1696.
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
Fifth child and fourth daughter of Stadtholder Frederik Hendrik and Amalia von Solms-Braunfels; she married in 1652 with Wilhelm-Friedrich von Nassau-Dietz (1613-1664); through her, the present Dutch royal house traces its descent from William of Orange.
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Period of activity
1649 - 1696
Active in
  • Den Haag 1634 - 1652
    She spent her youth at The Hague. She married in 1652 with William Frederic of Nassau-Dietz, the Stadtholder in Friesland (2 May 1652, in Cleves) (Schacht/Bartoschek et al. 1999, p. 357).
  • Kleef 1652-05
  • Leeuwarden 1652-06 - 1679
    On 14 October 1664 her husband killed himself by accident while cleaning his gun. Albertine Agnes became regent of her children Amalia, Hendrik Casimir and Sophia Wilhelmina. This period ended when Hendrik Casimir reached majority in 1674. Albertine Agnes now took over the role of her mother after her death in 1675, to keep the Orange family together. She tried especially (and in vain) to maintain the relationship between her son (Stadtholder in the northern provinces of The Netherlands) and king/prince William III. When that failed, she withdrew to her dowager house, Oranienstein, in Nassau-Diez (Germany). She had started this building in 1671 (see Heck/Hembus 1967, p. 17).
  • Kleef 1666
    Opulent festivities for the extensive Orange family (present: the Elector of Brandenburg, the Duke of Saxony-Anhalt, as well as Amalia of Solms and prince William III) in Cleves during the wedding of youngest sister Maria with the Count Palatine of Pfaltz-Simmern.
  • Diez an der Lahn 1666-11
    first long-term visit in Diez after her husbands death (1664). She decided probably during this vist or a later stop in 1669 to turn the city of Diez into her permanent place of residence (Heck/Hembus 1967, p. 17).
  • Gröningen (Saksen-Anhalt) 1672
    Albertine Agnes organized the militairy defence of the north in the name of her nephew William III (often with her own money) against the enemies, who attacked the Republic in 1672 (Schacht/Bartoschek et al. 1999, p. 357-358).
  • Diez an der Lahn 1679
    She reigned as regent for her son in Diez. As the city had not yet recovered from the devastations of the 30 years war, she had to rebuild the city economically, culturally and architecturally. To escape the deprevations of the old medieval city castle she build her own castle outside the city called Oranienstein, where she housed her collections (porcelain, paintings).
  • Oranjewoud (Heerenveen) 1676 - 1696-05-14
    Castle Oranjewoud was Albertine Agnes private residence when she was in The Netherlands to visit her son and daughter-in-law Henrietta Amalia (daughter of her sister Henrietta Catharina of Anhalt) in Leeuwarden. She was here when she was called to Leeuwarden, to witness the death of her son on 24 March 1696. She retired to Oranjewoud and died there shortly afterwards on May 14.
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Creation date: 2011-09-14; Last modified date: 2020-07-06

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