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Henriette Amalie von Anhalt-Dessau

female / German
Qualifications
art collector, collector of Dutch and Flemish painting, clergyman, princess
She collected sixteenth and seventeenth century Dutch and Flemish and contemporary Frankfurt paintings; after her death, she left the collection to a foundation for the poor, which she founded, which continued until 1952 (Frankfurter Rundschau, 22 October 2002 and Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, January 2003)
Nationality/school
German
Born
Dessau (Saksen-Anhalt) 1720-12-07
Deceased
Dessau (Saksen-Anhalt) 1793-12-05
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
youngest child of prince Leopold I von Anhalt-Dessau and his morganatic wife Anna Luise Föhse, daughter of his court apothecary (married in 1698): in 1701 she was raised in the nobilty by the German emperor (after paying 92000 thaler), which made her offspring legal and enabled them to inherit the succession.
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  • Dessau (Saksen-Anhalt) 1720 - 1741
    In 1741 she gave birth oud of wedlock to Heinrich August. When she refused to marry the father, the 30 year old son of her father's hunting master (Wilhelm Gustav Werner) she was banished to Herford
  • Herford 1742 - 1753
    lived in the 'Frauenstift' (a Stift is an institution where unmarried women from the (Protestant) nobility found a home). In spite of all attempts by her father to marry her off according to her status, she remained unmarried. She lived instead with the fifteen year younger Baron von Rackmann, who became Baron von dem Bangardt in 1788
  • Schloss Bockenheim (Frankfurt am Main) 1753 - 1792
    To be near her son, who grew up in Frankfurt, she bought some land in Bockenheim, where she build Villa Passavent. She engaged in large-scale agriculture and soon became the largest landowner in Bockenheim by buying and leasing all the large estates in Bockenheim. She introduced sericulture, kept bees, pressed cider and sold oranges from her greenhouses. She had asparagus crops, fruit and vegetable plantations as well as mulberry plantations for her silkworms and arranged for sheep and cattle to be raised on her estates. In 1771 she bought a large house in Kreuznach, that she enlaged to a castle, where she housed her large collections of books, minerals and c. 700 pictures, mainly painted by artists she supported (financially).
  • Dessau (Saksen-Anhalt) 1792 - 1793
    In late summer 1792 she fled with most of her belongings to Dessau before the armies of the French Revolution, where she lived in Palais Dietrich. Here she died alone on 5 december 1793, far away from all her family. 482 out of 700 of her paintings are still preserved in the Anhaltische Gemäldegalerie.
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Creation date: 2012-02-01; Last modified date: 2020-10-05

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