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Rudolf II of Habsburg - Holy Roman Emperor

male / Austrian, Czech
monarch, art collector, painting collector, patron, collector, collector of botanica
Rudolf II was Holy Roman Emperor (1576–1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572–1608), King of Bohemia (1575–1608/1611) and Archduke of Austria (1576–1608). He was a member of the House of Habsburg. Rudolf loved collecting paintings. He was patron to some of the best contemporary artists, who mainly produced new works in the Northern Mannerist style, such as Bartholomeus Spranger, Hans von Aachen, Giambologna, Giuseppe Arcimboldo, Aegidius Sadeler, Roelant Savery, and Adrian de Vries, as well as commissioning works from Italians like Veronese. Rudolf kept a menagerie of exotic animals, botanical gardens, and Europe's most extensive cabinet of curiosities.
Austrian, Czech
Vienna (city) 1552-07-18
Prague 1612-01-20
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
Rudolf was the eldest son and successor of Maximilian II of Habsburg.
See also
In this field, you will find references to names of groups or to the artists that made/make up groups. You may also come across references to other artists if there was/is question of collaboration without a joint name. This is the case, for instance, with artists who rendered parts of works by other artists (such as with P.P Rubens and J. Brueghel I).
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Active in
  • Wenen (stad)
  • Valladolid (stad, Spanje) 1563 - 1571
    Rudolf spent eight formative years, from age 11 to 19 in Valladolid, at the court of his maternal uncle King Phillip II of Spain.
  • Wenen (stad) 1571 - 1583
  • Praag 1583 - 1612
    Rudolf II transferred the imperial court from Vienna to Prague. From c. 1583, his residence was firmly established in Prague.
born in
active in
died in
Creation date: 2014-05-01; Last modified date: 2023-05-16


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