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Maximilian I (Kurfürst von Bayern)

male / German
Munich 1573-04-17
Ingolstadt 1651-09-27
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
oldest son of Duke William V of Bavaria and Renata of Lorraine. In 1591 he married 1) his cousin Elisabeth of Lorraine (the marriage remained childess); 2) in July 1635 his cousin Maria Anna of Austria (daughter of Emperor Ferdinand II): they got two sons: Ferdinand Maria, his successor as Elector and Maximilian Philipp Hieronymus, Duke of Leuchtenberg
See also
In this field, you will find references to names of groups or to the artists that made/make up groups. You may also come across references to other artists if there was/is question of collaboration without a joint name. This is the case, for instance, with artists who rendered parts of works by other artists (such as with P.P Rubens and J. Brueghel I).
Peter Candid, Friedrich Sustriss, Hubert Gerhard, Hans Krumpper, Adriaen de Vries and Georg Petel became his court artists.
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Active in
  • München 1597
    Succeeded his father, who retired into a monastery in 1597. He succeeded finally to set up a tapestry industry in Munich, away from Flanders (Delmarcel 2002)
  • Donauwörth 1607
    As head of the Catholics he besieged the city and expelled the many protestants in town: as a reaction the Protestant princes of Germany formed the Protestant Union and the Catholics the Catholic League, which would prove to be desastrous during the Thirthy Years War.
  • Praag 1620
    His troops under Johan t'Serclaes de Tilly defeated Frederic V of the Palatine in the Battle of the White Mountains.
  • Pfalz (regio) 1623
    After Frederick V's flight to The Hague, the Palatine and Heidelberg were annexed and greatly devastated by Maximilian.
  • München 1623 - 1648
    Duke of Bavaria since his father's abdication in 1597 till 1623, he became 1623-1648 Elector; 1632 the Swedes and the French ravaged Bavaria and Munich; Maximilian started peace-talks with Gustav Adolf and Richelieu; during the late 1630's till 1648 he waged war against the French and the Swedes: only the Peace of Westphalia (1648) ended the constant devastation of Bavaria. Maximilian remained Elector, but had to return the Rhine Palatine to Karl Ludwig, son of Frederick V. He greatly extended the palaces and gardens in and around Munich and was an avid collector op paintings (Dürer, Rubens) and tapestries.
  • Regensburg 1630
    One of the main movers to remove Albrecht von Wallenstein from the Imperial army: the result was desastrous, as the Swedes could now attack Munich.
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Creation date: 2019-03-28; Last modified date: 2022-01-06


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