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James II of England

male / English
Nationality/school
English
Born
Whitehall (London) 1633-10-14
Deceased
Saint-Germain-en-Laye (Yvelines) 1701-09-16
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
son of king Charles I and Henrietta Maria de Bourbon, brother of (his predecessor) Charles II; brother of Elisabeth, Duchess of Orléands; Mary Stuart I, princess of Orange; father of Mary Stuart II, princess of Orange and Queen of England; married to 1. Anne Hyde, on 24 November 1659 in Breda, with whom he had two daughters, Mary Stuart II princess of Orange and Queen of England and Anne, Queen of England, 2. Maria d'Este, princess of Modena: they had one son James Francis Edward Stuart (1688-1766), who became known as 'The Great Pretender', in vain fighting as the head of the Jacobites, to reclame the throne of Great Britain for himself and his Stuart family, first from William and Mary, then Anne and finally from the Hannoverian successors George I, II and III.
See also
In this field, you will find references to names of groups or to the artists that made/make up groups. You may also come across references to other artists if there was/is question of collaboration without a joint name. This is the case, for instance, with artists who rendered parts of works by other artists (such as with P.P Rubens and J. Brueghel I).
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Active in
  • Londen (Engeland) 1633 - 1648
  • Den Haag 1648
  • Frankrijk 1649 - 1660
  • Whitehall (Londen) 1660 - 1688-12-11
    As Duke of York he became Lord High Admiral; his greatest achievement is the victory in the Battle of Lowestoft (1665), where the Dutch marine was beaten. When 'Nieuw Amsterdam'was ceeded to the British at the Peace of Breda in 1667, it became 'New York'; later he succeeded his brother Charles II as king (coronation 23 April 1685). His tendency towards Absolutism and, worse, his open support of the Roman Catholic cause. The situation became voloatile, when Mary of Modena gave birth to a son on 10 June 1688: the conspiracy that ended in the 'Glorious Revolution', the replacement of the Catholic James by his protestant daughter Mary II and her husband William III of Orange.
  • Ierland 1688-12-13 - 1690-07-01
    James and his family fled to Ireland, which gave Parliament in Westminster the opportunity to dethrone him (28 January 1689); Scotland followed suit on 11 April 1689. James kept on to Ireland, but after the Battle of the Boyne against William III, he also had to flee Ireland.
  • Saint-Germain-en-Laye (Yvelines) 1690-07 - 1701-09-16
    Living on an annuity by Louis XIV, he and his little court of refugées lived in the palace in Saint-Germain, mainly plotting Catholic uprisings in England and trying to keep into contact with the recusant nobles of Great Britain. On 16 September 1701 he died of an intracerebral hematoma.
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Creation date: 2019-04-04; Last modified date: 2022-06-07

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