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Henri Charles de la Trémoille

male / French
Qualifications
military personnel, noble
Nationality/school
French
Born
Thouars (Deux-Sèvres) 1620-12-17
Deceased
Thouars (Deux-Sèvres) 1672-09-14
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
son of Henri de Trémoille and Marie de Bourbon, great-grandson from both sides of William the Silent. Married in 1643 to Amalia of Hesse-Kassel on the urging of his parents in France. They had thee children (two sons and a daughter)
See also
In this field, you will find references to names of groups or to the artists that made/make up groups. You may also come across references to other artists if there was/is question of collaboration without a joint name. This is the case, for instance, with artists who rendered parts of works by other artists (such as with P.P Rubens and J. Brueghel I).
Biographical information
Active in
  • Thouars (Deux-Sèvres) 1620 - 1638
    In 1628 Henri Charles father reconverted into the faith together with his family
  • Den Haag 1638 - 1647
    In 1638 Henri Charles escaped his Jesuit governor and fled, by way of England, and with his mother's connivance, to his great uncle prince Frederic Henry of Orange. He was received with great pleasure, reconverted to his calvinist beliefs. He quickly made a career for him self in the cavalery and participated in all the great campaigns between 1640-1645; he became a colonel in 1641. He is best known to history for his epic love for Frederic Henry's oldest daughter Louise Henriette. Although prince Frederic Henry (who was half senile by now) was not against the marriage, his wife Amalia van Solms and William prince of Orange had different plans. These included a match with the future Charles II and then, when this went wrong, to the Elector of Brandenburg. In the end Louise Henriette was forced to accept. After the death of Frederic Henry (12 March 1647) Trémoille asked leave of and was granted permission by the States General to leave the Republic, although he remained in its service. In 1643 he had in the meantime married Amalia of Hessen-Kassel, daughter of William V of Hessen-Kassel.
  • Londen (Engeland) 1641
    Accompagnied the young prince of Orange in 1641 to London and witnessed his wedding with Mary Stuart, the Princess Royal.
  • Thouars (Deux-Sèvres) 1647
  • Kassel (Hessen) 1648 - 1651
    At his father-in-laws court he rose to commander in chief of the Hessian cavalry
  • Frankrijk 1651 - 1653
    In the great struggle of the Fronde he played a major role: firts on the side of the Queen Mother and then, insulted by Mazarin, on the side of the Grand Condé
  • Den Haag 1653 - 1655
    After leaving the French service he returned to the Republic, where his oldest son and heir, Charles Belgique Hollande, was born. When he received an amnesty from Louis XIV he returned to France.
  • Amiens 1656 - 1662
    Although he stayed out of the Fronde conflict, he remained a party member for Condé, which resulted in his internment by Mazarin in Amiens and Poitou. After the Peace of the Pyrenees (1659) , Condé's reconcilliation with the king (1660) and the death of Mazarin, Trémoille joined the French king.
  • Noordelijke Nederlanden (historische regio) 1662 - 1670
    Back in Dutch service with permission from Louis XIV. After the conclusion of the Triple Alliance, in which Holland became hostile towards France, Tremoille took his leave from Holland and finally left it in 1670.
  • Versailles 1670
    In October 1670 he reconverted to catholicism together with his two sons. His wife and his daughter remained calvinists and returned to the Republic.
  • Thouars (Deux-Sèvres) 1672 - 1672-09-14
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Creation date: 2021-09-26; Last modified date: 2022-04-07

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