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Maria Theresa von Österreich

female / Austrian
Qualifications
queen, amateur, art collector, patron
archduchess of Austria, sovereign of Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, Transylvania, Mantua, Milan, Lodomeria and Galicia, the Austrian Netherlands and Parma; By marriage, she was Duchess of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany and Holy Roman Empress.
Nationality/school
Austrian
Born
Vienna 1717-05-13
Deceased
Vienna 1780-11-29
Family relationschips
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
Oldest child of emperor Charles VI and Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick -Wolfenbuttel. On his death on 20 October 1740, she became empress, although she had to fight 8 years in the War of the Austrian Succession to secure her inhertance, in which she succeeded only partially (Frederic II of Prussia succesfully grabbed Silesia from her); her sister Maria Anna became governess of the Southern Netherlands. With her husband, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, prince of Lorraine, she had eleven daughters, including the Queen of France, the Queen of Naples and Sicily, the Duchess of Parma, and five sons, including two Holy Roman Emperors, Joseph II and Leopold II.
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Entered on: 1992-01-18; Modification on: 2018-08-18

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