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Jan Steen

Monogram
JS
IS
JS or IS interlaced
Qualifications
painter, draftsman
Nationality/school
North Netherlandish
Born
Leiden 1626
at his enrolement in Leiden University in November 1646 he is said to be 20 years old (Chapman 1996, p. 26 & note 27)
Deceased
Leiden 1679-01/1679-02-03
buried on February 3rd, 1679
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
son of brewer Havick Jansz. Steen (1602-1670) and Elisabeth Wybrantsdr. Capiteyn (1606-1669) (married on 15 October 1625). Married 1) in The Hague on 3 October 1649 to Margareth (Grietje) van Goyen, daughter of Jan van Goyen; and 2) in Leiden on 6 April 1673 to Marya van Egmont, father of Thadeus (1651-1691), Eva (1653), Catharina (died 1697) and Cornelis Steen; brother of Wijbrand (c. 1638-1704), Margaretha, Swaentje, Maria, Emerantia, Duifje and Catharina. Brother-in-law of Jacques de Claeuw, who was married to Maria van Goyen (1649).
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Active in
  • Leiden 1626 - 1648
    His father and his family lived at the time of his birth on the Delftsche Vliet and c. 1636 on the Gedamde or Overwulfde Papengracht (this house was sold by his father in 1641), in c. 1644 in house 'De Bock', again on the Delftsche Vliet, in 1647 on the Nieuwe Rijn (sold 1656) and finally in the ancestral home in the Breestraet (1662) (Chapman 1996) . Enrolled in the University in November 1646 (probably to be exempt from paying tax as a brewer and to escape the draft of the militia) Steen payed the contribution as an apprentice for the newly founded Leiden Guild of St Luke on March 18, 1648 (Thieme/Becker 1937). Enrolled in the University in November 1646 (probably to be exempt from paying tax as a brewer and to escape the draft of the militia) Steen payed the contribution to the Guild of St Luke again in 1653 while living in The Hague, and again in 1658 with the indication that he had left the city (Thieme/Becker 1937).
  • Den Haag 1649 - 1654
    in or shortly before 1649 (his 1st marriage) became member of the militia 'het Colombyne Vendel'
  • Delft 1654
    hired the brewery 'De Slang' (or 'De Roskam') on the Oude Delft for six years, which he exploited together with his father. Due to adverse economic circumstances the busines failed and was liquidated by Steen in 1657 (Chapman 1996)
  • Warmond 1658 - 1660
  • Haarlem 1660 - 1670
    member of the Haarlem Guild of St Luke as of 1661
  • Leiden 1670 - 1679
    paid contribution again between 1673-1678 to the Guild and became its dean in 1674 (Thieme/Becker 1937)
born in
active in
died in
Subjects
This field specifies the various subject categories or genres that constitute the oeuvre of the artist in question. The contents of this field are generally based more on the documentation available at the RKD than on the literature.
peasant genre, genre, history (as a genre), landscape (as genre), portrait, self-portrait, winter landscape, beach scene
Despite the well painted still life elements in his figure pieces, the attributions of still lifes like the fruit still life formerly in the collections of Arthur Kay and Hugh Lane can't be proven; the attribution to Steen of a large, unmarked canvas in an exhibition in Amsterdam in 1933 was incorrect (Van der Willingen/Meijer 2003, p. 189)
Medium/technique
oil paint
Creation date: 1992-01-26; Last modified date: 2022-05-16

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