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Maria Caroline de Bourbon-Sicilië (Duchesse de Berry)

female / French, Italian
Qualifications
collector of Dutch and Flemish painting, art collector, arts & crafts collector, patron, painter, photographer
In addition to paintings, she owned an important collection of 19th-century furniture in her castle in Rosny; she was a gifted amateur painter, interested in music and musicians (Rossini, Boieldieu), in photography in the 1850s, theater, horticulture, sea-swimming and was at the same time an important bibliophile: her collection was sold (which took one month) and dispersed in 1837.
Nationality/school
French, Italian
Born
Caserta 1798-11-05
Deceased
Graz 1870-04-16
died at Schloss Brunnsee near Graz
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
daughter of François, duke of Calabria and archduchess Marie-Clémentine of Austria; married 1) Charles Ferdinand d'Artois, duc de Berry, son of the (future) French king Charles X in 1816 and 2) in Rome on 14 December 1831 to Hector Lucchesi-Palli, 4th Duke de la Grazia; she had 10 children in total (4 from her first husband and 6 from her 2nd), three of which survived childhood (among which Henri, duc de Chambord, the last pretender of the legitimate branch of the Bourbon family))
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Active in
  • Caserta 1798 - 1799
    The royal family was chased by the French army on 21 January 1799 and transported to Palermo by Horatio Nelson.
  • Palermo 1799 - 1801
  • Napels 1801-01-31 - 1806
    Here she received most of her rather liberal education, including painting.
  • Palermo 1806 - 1815
    2nd Sicilian exile when chased by Napoleon, who gave the kingdom of Naples first to his brother Joseph and then to his brother-in-law Joachim Murat
  • Napels 1815 - 1816
    restoration of the Bourbon dynasty in Naples after the execution of Murat. Marie-Caroline was maried to Charles Ferdinand d'Artois Bourbon, oldest son of the future king Charles X and therefore dauphin de France as duc de Berry (married by proxy in Naples 14 April 1816)
  • Parijs 1816 - 1830-07
    married in the Notre Dame on 17 June 1816; her official residence became the Élysée Palace; here she got her two children: Louise Marie Thérèse d'Artois, comtesse de Rosny, duchess of Parma (1819-1864) and Henry d'Artois , duke of Bordeaux (born after his father's death, 1820-1883). After the assasination of her husband in February 1820 she moved to the Tuileries Palace. As a widow she tried to safeguard the rights of her son as futute king Henri V and made extensive travels through France, often staying in Dieppe and Boulogne-sur-Mer, where she indulged in swimming and walking in the sea.
  • Bath (Engeland) 1830-07
    After the July revolution of 1830 she followed Charles X and the royal family into exile to England, where they lived alternatively in Bath and Holyrood Castle in Edinburgh. Here she became the head of the legitimists , followers of the elder branch of the Bourbons, as opposed to Orleanists. She undertook several clandestine trips to France to organize Bourbon insurrections (Marseille, Bordeaux, Nantes). Eventually she was arrested in Nantes on 7 November 1832 and send to the Citadel of Blaye on the order of minister Adolphe Thiers
  • Edinburgh 1830-07
    Holyrood Castle
  • Rome 1831-12-14
    secret marriage in Rome to Hector Lucchesi-Palli, 4th duke de la Grazia
  • Blaye 1832 - 1833
    Incarceration in the citadel, where she got a daughter (10 May), who died already on 9 November the same year). After a couple of month she was bannished to Palermo. Her son was taken from her and educated by her sister-in-law in Paris
  • Palermo 1834 - 1844
  • Venetië 1844
    in 1844 she bought Palazzo Ca' Vendramin Calergi in Venice
  • Graz 1844 - 1870-04-16
    Schloss Brunnsee. Here her husband died in 1864, shortly afterwards followed by her daughter, the duchess of Parma. Her husband almost left her destitute (a debt of 6 mil. francs). Eventually she died here, completely blind.
born in
active in
died in
Subjects
This field specifies the various subject categories or genres that constitute the oeuvre of the artist in question. The contents of this field are generally based more on the documentation available at the RKD than on the literature.
still life, views of villages, interiors, topography, architecture (genre)
Creation date: 1991-11-21; Last modified date: 2021-05-11

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