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Jacob de Wet (I)

painter, draftsman
according to Houbraken 1719 also an art buyer
North Netherlandish
Haarlem 1610
c. 1610 (Biesboer/Köhler et al. 2006)
Keulen 1677-09/1691
after September 1677, probably in Cologne; according to Van Thiel-Stroman 2006: between 26 June 1677 (his brother-in-law Adriaen Craen stood surety in a business deal for Jacob I) and 28 April 1691 (on this date Jacob II sold his father's house and accepted the division of his estate: as Jacob II was in England for some years, this division may have taken place years after Jacob I's death)
Family relationships
this field records any family relationship to one or more other artist(s).
Son of the Catholic bailiff Willem Jansz de Wet and Maritge Jacobsdr. His brother Gerrit (died 1674) was also a painter; Jacob married Maria Jochemsdr van Woubrugge on 20 May 1635, which marriage remained childless. Maria's date of death is unknown; on 12 May 1639 Jacob married a second time, to Maria Jacobsdr. from Diemen. They had five children, the eldest of which, Jacob II, also became a painter. Maria died in July 1671 and was burried in the Grote Kerk (based on Van Thiel-Stroman in Biesboer/Köhler et al. 2006).
This person/entity in other databases
Biographical information
Period of activity
1632 - 1691
earliest dated work 1632, the same year he enrolled in the Guild
Active in
  • Haarlem 1632 - 1636-03-31
    Jacob may well have fled Haarlem after 31 March 1636 to escape the outbreak of the plague (Van Thiel-Stroman 2006).
  • Amsterdam 1636-03 - 1636-04
    Sumowski 1983-1994
  • Alkmaar 1637
  • Haarlem 1638-06-07 - 1675-09
    Van Thiel-Stroman 2006: 1636
  • Keulen 1677-09
    mentioned as member of the Guild in September 1677. Van Meurs 1900 assumes that this is Jacob II. Merlo 1850 thinks that it is one of the two sons of a (further unknown) painter Jan de Wet from Cologne. Thieme/Becker does not mention the Cologne episode. Gerson 1942/1983 does not specify which Dutch artist it could be (p. 243, note 5). It probably concerns Jacob de Wet I, as he was 'abroad' after 1675 (Biesboer/Köhler et al. 2006). The fact that the catholic painter Jacob de Wet I left Haarlem shortly after the 'Rampjaar 1672', which for catholics was certainly a disaster due to the puritan/protestant takeover of the city government (the 'Alteratie'), makes his departure for catholic Cologne very plausible (J. Kosten 2017-02). According to Jager 2016, the mention of a Jacob de Wet in Cologne cannot refer to Jacob II, as he was at work in Scotland at the time. It can be Jacob I, as he had given somebody his power of attorney, because he was planning to be out of the country ('alsoo hij van meeninge was uytlandich te reysen').
born in
active in
died in
This field specifies the various subject categories or genres that constitute the oeuvre of the artist in question. The contents of this field are generally based more on the documentation available at the RKD than on the literature.
history (as a genre), genre, landscape (as genre), marine (as genre), architecture (genre)
oil paint
Creation date: 1992-02-01; Last modified date: 2021-08-04


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