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dichter, diplomaat, theoloog, tekenaar, auteur, burgemeester
contributed to at least two 'liber amicorum': from Daniel van Vlierden (1595) and Johannes le Maire (1598)
Geboren
Brussel 1540-03-07/1540-07-20
between 7 March and 20 July 1540
Overleden
Leiden 1598-12-15
Familierelaties
in dit veld wordt een familierelatie met één of meer andere kunstenaars vermeld.
Son of Jacob Marnix van Sint- Aldegonde and Marie de Haméricourt, brother of Jean. Married 1) (no place, no date) Philippotte de Bailleul (died 1586), 2) (no place, no date) Katharina van Eckeren (died 1591) and 3) (no place, no date) Jossina de Lannoy; father of Jacob, Maria, Amélie, Elizabeth, Louise and Philipotte. His daughter Louise married c. 1615 Philippe de Liévin, sieur de Famars: their son and his offspring eventually inherited all his title and continued the family line.
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Biografische gegevens
Werkzaam in
Hier wordt vermeld waar de kunstenaar (langere tijd) heeft gewerkt en in welke periode. Ook relevante studiereizen worden hier vermeld.
  • Brussel
  • Leuven 1553-10-30 - 1555
    Studied in Leuven together with his brother Jean
  • Parijs 1557
    studying theology
  • Dôle (Frankrijk) 1557 - 1558
    registered there fo further study and became canon in the bishopric of Thérouanne, later Ypres. Somewhere between 1558 and 1562 he changed his religion and abdicated as canon
  • Pavia 1560-08
    first recorded in Italy in August 1560, but probably already much earlier
  • Bologna
  • Rome
    It is unknown if he went further, like Spain as some suggest.
  • Genève
    At the end of his Italian sojourn he came to Geneva: although he probably already went over to Calvinism in Italy, it was the immedeate contact with Calvin himself that was decisive for the rest of his life
  • Zuidelijke Nederlanden (historische regio) 1561 - 1566
    First marriage; lived somewhere in seclusion, studying (mainly reformed theology). Only joined the League of Nobles in 1565, on behalf of which he was sent to Antwerp to inform the ministers there of the petition of the League ('Smeekschrift der edelen') to king Philips for religious tolerance and an end to his plackards and persuade them to sign it as well. At the same time he radicalised into the direction of militant calvinism, a.o. condoning the iconoclastic outbursts ('Beeldenstorm') of 1566-1567 in Flanders
  • Breda 1567
    Retreated to Breda, together with William of Orange
  • Duitsland 1567 - 1568
    recruiting troops; this led to his official banishment and confiscation of his possessions
  • Bremen 1568
    settled with his family in Bremen, keeping in touch with Orange and his brother Louis of Nassau
  • Lütetsburg 1568
    After the first militairy defeat of Orange he retreated to Lütetsburg near Norden. Nominally in the service of Elector Frederic III of the Palatine he was 'lent'to the prince of Orange, with whose fate and cause he would be linked for he rest of his life. His main activity till 1572 was oragizing the Dutch reformed churches in the Netherlands and the Upper Rhine provinces
  • Dordrecht 1572
    After the conquest of Brill, he urged the States of Holland to accept Orange as their Stadtholder and to vote him money for his military resistance against the Spaniards
  • Haarlem 1572
    Led the alteration in name of Orange of the City Government from catholic to calvinist
  • Maasland 1573-11 - 1574-10
    Joined Orange during his campaign against Mons and his treck over the Zuyderzee to Holland; there he was captured by the Spanishin November 1573 and was held captive in Utrecht till October 1574
  • Heidelberg 1575-01
    Sent by Orange to Heidelberg to lead the negotiations over his marriage with Charlotte de Bourbon and escort the princess to Holland; he also had to recrute new professors for
  • Polen 1575
    representing the prince of Orage during the Diet in Poland to elect a new king
  • Gent 1576
    had a decisive influence on the conclusion of the so-called Pacification of Ghent, when all the 17 provinces of The Netherlands united in their resistance against Philip II of Spain
  • Worms 1578
    At the Imperial Diet in Worms he incited the German princes to highten their financial and militairy support of the Dutch in their resistance against the Spanish king.
  • Vlaanderen (regio) 1578 - 1579
    trying (in vain) to moderate the radicalized Calvinists of Flanders to accept Orange's solution of two religions in one country in equality. When the Southern provinces split of and joined together in the Union of Arras (1578), Marnix joined Orange in his policy of seeking a French alliance
  • Parijs 1580 - 1581
    Led the ambassy to Paris to persuade the Duc d'Anjou to take over the government of the Netherlands
  • Londen (Engeland) 1581 - 1582
    helping the negotiations for the marriage of Anjou and Queen Elizabeth I
  • Antwerpen (stad) 1582 - 1583
    When Anjou set up his government in the Southern Netherlands, Marnix joined his State Council, only to retreat to West-Souburg after Anjou had shown his true face in the so-called French Fury (January 1583) when Anjou and his troops sacked Antwerp
  • Zeeland (prov.) 1583
    fled to West-Souburg, where he wrote his best political tracts against the Spanish.
  • Antwerpen (stad) 1583-11 - 1585-08
    Burgomaster of Antwerp in the name of Orange in the beleaguered city. When outside help was not forthcoming and support collopsed after the assassination of the prince of Orange (Delft, 10 July 1584) , he started negotiations with Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma and surrendered the city on 15 August 1585
  • Zeeland (prov.) 1585 - 1593
    Distrusted and suspected of treason by the Dutch in the North and the English, who had joined the militairy resistance after 1585, he retrated to Souburg in Zeeland. He dedicated himself to writing and horticulture in these years. His many writings convinced the new prince Maurice of Orange of his good faith, who again sought his help and sent him on ambassies to London and Paris.
  • Londen (Engeland) 1590-03 - 1590
    Ambassy to Elizabeth I in London
  • Parijs 1590-07 - 1590
    Ambassy to Henri IV in Paris, where he went over into the service of this king
  • Duitsland 1593
    accompagnied princess Louise Juliana of Nassau to Germany as the official representative of the States of Holland
  • Leiden 1595 - 1598
    At the request of Johan van Oldenbarnevelt he went to Leiden to become the head of the new team to translate the Bible from its original languages into Dutch. Many distractions however (disputations with religious opponents, a failed governorship of the principality of Orange etc.) impeded the great work. In the end he died in Leiden (15 Deecember 1598) and was buried in the Pieterskerk.
geboren
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Onderwerpen
In dit veld worden de diverse onderwerpscategorieën of genres vermeld die in het oeuvre van de beschreven kunstenaar voorkomen. De inhoud van dit veld is doorgaans meer gebaseerd op het aanwezige beeldmateriaal in het RKD dan op de literatuur.
marine (genre), landschap (genre)
Opmerkingen
Voorvechter van het calvinisme uit het begin van de 80-jarige oorlog, mogelijk auteur van het Wilhelmus. Heeft in 1578 een tekening gemaakt in het album amicorum van J. Dousa.
Ingevoerd op: 1999-03-23; Laatste wijziging: 2022-10-03

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