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George Villiers (1st Duke of Buckingham)

man / Engels
Leicestershire (graafschap) 1592-08-28
Portsmouth (Engeland) 1628-08-23
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Son of Sir George Villiers (c. 1544-4 January 1606), high sheriff of Leicestershire, and Mary Beaumont. He married Katharine Manners, later Baroness de Ros, with whom he had four children: Mary Stewart, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox (1622-1685); Charles Villiers, Earl of Coventry; George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham (1628-1687) and Francis Villiers (1628-1648)
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  • Westminster (Londen) 1614-08 - 1623
    Buckingham was an English courtier, royal favourite of two kings, self-styled statesman, and patron of the arts. He was a Introduced to James I in August 1614: Villiers, fabled to be the most beautiful man in England, soon replaced the Scottish favourite Robert Carr, Earl of Somerset, in the king’s esteem. His relationship with James became sexual, and he retained the king’s passionate support to the end of the latter’s life. He became master of the horse in 1616, Earl of Buckingham in 1617, and Lord High Admiral in 1619 and he was created Duke of Buckingham on May 18, 1623. He also became the best friend and inseperable companion of Charles Prince of Wales, In this capacity he was the driving force after the ill-advised, but very romantic trip together to Madrid to force the marriage between the Spanish Infanta and his friend Charles, against the wishes of king James I.
  • Madrid (Spanje) 1623
    Buckingham's ulterior motiv in this bit of high politics was to retrieve the Palatinate for Frederick V. Nothing came of this, and after several months of fruitless negotiations the young men returned home. Buckingham intrigued with parliamentarian backing to force James I to go to war with Spain.
  • Westminster (Londen) 1623 - 1627
    After the ascension to the throne of Charles I in March 1625, Buckingham retained his position as favourite, though no longer in a sexual capacity, and became the actual leader of England, His amateurish diplomatic policies led to several disastrous decisions. The first was the marriage between Henri IV's youngest Catholic daughter, Henrietta Maria with Charles I: highly impopular with the protestant population and Parliament, it failed to bring about the desired alliance between France and England against Spain, and just augmented the fear of a Catholic succession. In addition, the vast naval and land expedition Buckingham sent against the Spanish port of Cádiz in October 1625 was so poorly organized and equipped that it disintegrated before it could storm the city. Hence, a bill to impeach the duke was introduced in Parliament in May 1626. In order to save him, Charles dissolved Parliament in June. Buckingham’s case was then tried before the royal Court of Star Chamber, where, to no one’s surprise, the charges were dismissed.
  • La Rochelle 1627-06 - 1627-10
    In the ensuing war with France, Buckingham personally took the command of the force of 8000 men to relieve the port of the Huguenot stronghold La Rochelle. Due to a lack of militairy knowledge, Buckingham bungled the affair and after several month the army had to beat a hasty retreat, reaching England covered in shame. Despite the fact that Parliament wanted to rid itself from Buckingham, Charles stood by his friend.
  • Portsmouth (Engeland) 1628-08-17 - 1628-08-23
    In an attempt to set up a second relieve operation for La Rochelle, Buckingham arrived in Portsmounth on 17 August 1628, where he was stabbed to death on 23 August by John Felton, a disenchanted naval lieutenant from the first campaign in La Rochelle.
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Ingevoerd op: 2014-01-20; Laatste wijziging: 2020-08-07


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