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Ferdinand I von Habsburg

man / Oostenrijks
koning, opdrachtgever, mecenas
He employed various artists at his court. In Prague, he had the Belvedere built on the Hradschin by Italian master builders. He was a collector of antique art and owned a coin collection. He collected curiosities according to the fashion of his time and put up a 'Wunderkammer' in the Hofburg. Ferdinand was a passionate music lover and maintained a large court orchestra. He promoted the harness makers. The elaborate armor made for him and his sons has been preserved. He was also a friend of the hunt (wild boars and bears and also went falcon hunting). He was not very interested in the military.
Alcalá de Henares 1503-03-10
Wenen 1564-07-25
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Born as 4th child, 2nd son of Philip I and Johanna of Castile, brother of Charles V, grandson of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile; married to Anna Jagiello, Princess of Hungary and Bohemia (26 May 15210; father of his successor, Maximilian II (HRR) (1527-1576)
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  • Madrid (Spanje) 1503 - 1518
    After the death (1506) of his father and the mental disorder of his mother, he was raised by his grandfather Ferdinand II, who wanted to make him king of Spain. His brother Charles V, however, put him aside and became king himself. Ferdinand was sent to The Netherlands.
  • Brussel 1518 - 1521
    Came into the care of his aunt Margaret of Austria, who wanted to promote him as Emperor (HRR) in 1519: this plan failed and Charles V took the title; after the death of Maximilian I the inheretance was devided between Charles V (who took the major part) and Ferdinand, who received lower Austria (Archduchy Austria, Styria, Carintia, Krain as well as Tirolia and part of Upper Austria. He also became Heir Apparent for the Empire and Duke of Wuerttemberg (this partion of the Habsburg Empire marked the devision in a Spanish and Austrian part)
  • Linz (Oostenrijk) 1521 - 1522
    Here he met his bride, Anna Jagiello, Princess of Hungary and Bohemia: the wedding was in Linz on 26 May 1521.
  • Wenen 1522 - 1564
    Despite the fact, that Ferdinand didn't speak German and ruled with foreign (mostly Spanish) advisers, he succeeded in subjecting the unruly, but mutually devided, Austrians. Vienna became his home base. In 1550/51 Ferdinand came into conflict with his brother, Charles V, who wanted to put Philip II on the Austrian throne. At the same time he disagreed with Ferdinand about his pragmatic treatment of the Protestants (Ferdiand only persecuted the Anabaptists with violence: for the protestants he relied on the Jesuits).
  • Innsbruck
    Ferdinand ruled from Vienna, but also lived in Innsbruck, where his wife and children lived.
  • Praag 1526
    On 22 October 1526 he was elected king of Bohemia, crowned on 24 February 1527. On 17 December 1527 he was also elected (by half of the country) king of Hungary.
  • Boedapest 1527 - 1528
    In 1528 Ferdinand succeeded in chasing his rival Johann Zápolya to Poland and had himself crowned king of Hungary (3 November 1527). A civil war ensued, in which Zápolya fought on the Turkish side, who put Zápolya on the throne. In 1538 Ferdinand had to recognize his rival as king of Hungary. He only kept a small part of Hungary in his power, which was the beginning of the total subjugation of Hungary in the coming centuries to Habsburg rule.
  • Augsburg 1555
    Ferdinand had to accept, against his will, the recognition of the protestants, instead of tolerating them, at the conference in Augsburg. The Religious Peace of Augsburg. Here he also announced the abdication of his brother Charles V. This hasty abdication was a great difficulty for Ferdiand, as he did not have the support of all the Electors to become emperor. Only on 25 February 1558 he was elected Emperor by the Electors in Frankfurt.
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Ingevoerd op: 2019-04-01; Laatste wijziging: 2021-07-29


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