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Siegen 1577-06-28
Siegen is the most likely place of birth, given his birth date of 28-06-1577 (Van de Velde/Valkeneers 2013). His mother is documented in Siegen on 14-06-1577. Antwerp has also been proposed as his place of birth, on the account that he is documented as 'poorter' of Antwerp in 1618 (Tijs 2004).
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Antwerpen 1640-05-30
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in dit veld wordt een familierelatie met één of meer andere kunstenaars vermeld.
Rubens married Isabella Brant (1591-15 July 1626) on 3 October 1609. Together they had two sons, Albert and Nicolaes, and a daughter Clara; on 16 November 1630 he married for the second time with 16-year old Hélène Fourment, with whom he had further children, five of whom were still alive at the time of his death, among which were Clara Eugenia, Elisabeth, Constance-Albertina and Peter Paul.
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  • Siegen
    Rubens' father Jan became secretary to Anna of Saxony, the second wife of William prince of Orange in 1570, for which reason the family moved from Cologne to Siegen in 1570. Here Rubens was born on 27 June 1577; Hauspie 2018, p. 12-15
  • Keulen 1578 - 1587
    Hauspie 2018, p. 16-23
  • Antwerpen 1590 - 1600-03-09
    The Rubens-family returned to Antwerp in 1590 after the death of father Jan in 1578. Here Rubens entered the studio of Tobias Verhaecht (a distant relative of Rubens' mother). After studying there for a year, he went over to Adam van Noort for a longer period. Finally he ended his studies under Otto van Veen. In 1598 finally, Rubens was registered as Master in the Guild of Saint Luke (Rombouts/Van Lerius 1872/1961, vol. 1, p. 401). Hauspie 2018, p. 24-30; Morselli 2018B, p. 85ff
  • Venetië 1600-07
    Rubens probably travelled south, together with his friend Deodaat van den Berg/Deodata del Monte, by way of the Rhine, Strassburg, Basel and Schaffhausen, over the Alps and probably entered Italy by way of the Gotthardt Pass: although this is not absolutely certain, it is certain that he was in Venice in July 1600: here he was engaged as court painter for the Gonzaga in Mantua; Morselli 2018B, p. 87
  • Mantua 1600-07 - 1608-05-05
    Rubens left on 9 May 1600 for Italy, where he first entered the service of Duke Vincenzo Gonzaga in Mantua. See Hauspie 2018, p. 31-48
  • Florence 1602 - 1603
    c. 1602-1603 (Gregori et al. 1983); Morselli 2018B, p. 88-89
  • Rome 1602 - 1603
    first stay in Rome: Hauspie 2018, p. 49-50
  • Verona 1602
    Visit to his brother Philip (Hauspie 2018, p. 52)
  • Mantua 1603
    working on 'the Gonzaga Family adoring the Trinity'
  • Alicante 1603-04-22
    arrived at the port; off to Valladolid (Vergara 1999, p. 7-8)
  • Valladolid 1603-05-13 - 1603
    Rubens travelled in the company of Gonzaga's Ambassy to the Spanish court of Philip III, where he made some prestigious paintings; most important commission from this time was the 'Equestrian portrait of the Duke of Lerma' (Vergara 1999, p. 7-8); Hauspie 2018, p. 53-59
  • Rome 1603 - 1606
    2nd stay; Hauspie 2018, p. 59: commision for the Santa Maria in Vallicella
  • Mantua 1607-06
    Hauspie 2018, p. 80
  • Genua 1606 - 1607
    Stoesser-Johnston 2018, p. 33; Hauspie 2018, p. 80-65
  • Rome 1607-08
    3rd stay; Hauspie 2018, p. 67-69: finishing the altar of the Chiesa Nuova
  • Antwerpen 1608 - 1611
    Rubens returned post haste to Antwerp when he heard that his mother Maria Pypelinckx was in extremis. He was too late however, as she died on 19 October 1608 (Vermeylen 2004). On 23 July 1609 the Archdukes Isabella and Albert appointed Rubens as offical Court Painter with his seat in Antwerp. On 23 September 1609 Rubens was exempt from registering his pupils in the 'Liggeren' of the Guild of Saint Luke (Rombouts/Van Lerius 1872. vol.1, p. 558, note 1). On 3 october 1609 Rubens married Isabella Brant, daughter of Jan Brant, City Clerk (Stadsgriffier) of Antwerp. In 1610/11 Rubens painted the 'Raising of the Cross' for Saint Walburgis Church (the French shut it down in 1798, after which the ruins were demolished eventually in 1816. The art work was first transferred to Paris, and, after the recuperation in 1815 distributed over divers churches and museums. The 'Raising of the Cross' was transferred to the Cathedral of Our Lady, where it now still is). On 21 March 1611 his daughter Clara Serena baptized in Saint Andrew's Church. in 1611/12 Rubens painted the central part of 'the Descent from the Cross' in the Cathedral of Our Lady.
  • Haarlem 1612
    Rubens made a trip through Holland, visiting many scholars, humanists and colleagues, like Hendrick Goltzius in Haarlem. He was especially on the look-out for capable engravers to make prints after his compositions.
  • Antwerpen 1614
    In 1614 Rubens painted the two wings for 'the Descent from the Cross' in the Cathedral of Our Lady. On 5 June 1614 his son Albert was baptized, with archduke Albert as God-father.
  • Antwerpen 1615 - 1622
    In 1615 Rubens moved into his house on the Wapper (the present-day Rubens House). On 23 March 1618 his son Nicolaes was baptized, with Marchese Nicolo Palavicini from Genoa standing God-father. Together with Anthony van Dyck he painted the altar pieces and the ceilings of the Church of the Jesuits, the present day Church of Carolus Borromeus in Antwerp. In 1622 he designed the sketches and the cartoons for the series with the story of Constantine the Great.
  • Parijs 1622-01-11 - 1622
    signed the contract on 26 February in Paris to decorate the Palais du Luxembourg with the Life of Maria de'Medici and Henry IV; Hauspie 2018, p. 118-125
  • Antwerpen
  • Parijs 1623-05-23 - 1623-06-29
    second stay in Paris; Hauspie 2018, p. 125
  • Antwerpen 1623-10 - 1624
    Death of his daughter Clara Serena in October 1623. On 5 June 1624 Rubens was elevated to the peerage by Archduchess Isabella (Archduke Albert having died on 13 July 1621). In 1624 he painted a.o. the 'Adoration of the Wise Men'for Saint Michael's Abbey (now the Royal Museum of Fine Art Antwerp) and the altarpiece for Saint Bavo's Cathedral in Ghendt. On 13 January 1625 Rubens became guardian of the minor children of Jan Brueghel I.
  • Parijs 1625-02-04 - 1625-06-09
    third stay in Paris: completion of the Medici-cycle in Paris (Hauspie 2018, p. 127-129
  • Laken (Brussel) 1625-10 - 1626-02
    Fleeing the plague in Antwerp, he settled with his family in Laken. (Hauspie 2018, p. 130-133)
  • Antwerpen 1626-06-20
    death of Isabella Brant; Rubens completed the 'Acension of the Virgin' for the Cathedral of Our Lady in Antwerp in 1626; Hauspie 2018, p. 134-137
  • Calais 1626-11
    Rubens sold his collection of antique sculpture to the Duke of Buckingham through the mediation of Balthasar Gerbier. He had met George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham on 11 May 1625 in Paris at the time of the marriage of Charles I of England with princess Henrietta Maria of Bourbon. Buckingham visited Rubens on 19 November in his house in Antwerp.
  • Parijs 1626-12
    Rubens returned to Paris, despite repeated attacks of the gout, after Buckingham's departure.
  • Brussel 1627
    several visits to Brussels in the company of Balthasar Gerbier
  • Breda 1627-07-10 - 1627-08-06
    Rubens travelled through Holland in the company of Balthasar Gerbier. Visits to e.g. Breda, Rotterdam, Delft, Amsterdam, Utrecht; they returned to Antwerp by way of Brussels, where Rubens met with the Duke of Leganès. The main object of his Dutch visit was a secret diplomatic mission to discuss peace between Spain and the Republic and England: discussions with the British ambassador; Hauspie 2018, p. 140
  • Rotterdam
  • Delft
  • Amsterdam
  • Utrecht
  • Brussel
  • Antwerpen 1627-12 - 1628-08-29
    designed the cartoons for the 'Triumph of the Eucharist' for the Archduchess Isabella Clara Eugenia; the tapestries were taken into production in the Spring of 1628 in Brussels. In 1628 Willem Panneels was accepted by the Guild as Free Master after three years apprenticeship with Rubens; he became Rubens's deputy in the Antwerp Studio during his frequent absences. His copies after study material of Rubens are now kept in the Antwerp Printroom as 'Rubens cantoor'.
  • La Rochelle 1628
    on his way between Antwerp and Madrid to see the siege of the city (Hauspie 2018, p. 140)
  • Madrid (Spanje) 1628-09-15 - 1629-04-29
    Diplomatic mission for the Archduchess to Spain, where he met with Velázquez in the Escorial. He copied many works by Titian there and made a drawing of the palace (RKDimages 264643) . Rubens was nominated secretary on 27 April for the Secret Council (the Secreta) of the king of Spain. He returned by way of Paris (29 April) and Brussels to Antwerp; Hauspie 2018, p. 141-148
  • El Escorial 1629
    Hauspie 2018, p. 141-148
  • Parijs 1629-05-10
    Hauspie 2018, p. 151
  • Brussel 1629-05-13
    Hauspie 2018, p. 151
  • Antwerpen
  • Duinkerken
  • Londen (Engeland) 1629-05-18 - 1630-03-23
    Travelled to London by way of Dunkirk. In London he made designs for the ceiling of Banqueting House for Charles I. It would take till 1635 however before these were executed and they were only mounted in the Spring of 1636. He got his Doctorate in Cambridge in the meantime and was knighted by Charles I on 3 March. He painted the 'Garden of Love' (now in the Prado, Madrid), Christoffel Jegher made a woodcut after this painting on the request of Rubens. Rubens returned to Antwerp by way of Dover; Hauspie 2018, p. 151-161
  • Dover (Engeland)
  • Antwerpen 1630-12-06
    Rubens married to Helena Fourment, the daughter of the tapestry dealer Daniel Fourment,on 3 December 1630. It was for him that Rubens made the cartoons for the 'Achilles series'.
  • Brussel 1631
    Rubens painted the so-called Ildefons Altar for the St. Jacobus-op-de-Coudenberg (Saint James Church on the Coudenberg) in Brussels.
  • Antwerpen 1631-07-16
    Philip IV of Spain elevated Rubens to the peerage
  • Den Haag 1631-11
    Rubens got a pasport for Holland and was received by Prince Frederik Hendrik of Orange in The Hague: secret peace mission on behalf of the arch-duchess Clara Eugenia Isabella (Hauspie 2018, p. 163)
  • Antwerpen 1632-01-19
    His daughter Clara Johanna was baptized.
  • Maastricht 1632 - 1633
    Rubens executed several secret missions to negotiate with the Dutch about peace with Spain, a.o. to Maastricht, Liege and Brussels. Rubens' reputation as a diplomat was severely compromized however through vicious intrigues of some high aristocrats in Brussels. For this reason he withdrew from politics after 1633.
  • Luik (stad)
  • Brussel
  • Antwerpen 1633-05 - 1633-07
    Rubens became Dean of Saint Luke's Guild in Antwerp, although his friend, the sculptor Hans van Mildert, did the actual work. On 21 July his son Frans (Francis) baptized in Saint James' Church. on 1 december Archduchess Isabella Clara Eugenia died in Brussels.
  • Affligem 1634-09
    Rubens visited Affligem in the company of archbishop Jacob Boonen. Later he painted 'The Carrying of the Cross' for the Abbey in Affligem.
  • Antwerpen 1634-11 - 1635-04-17
    Rubens was appointed head of the decoration for the Joyous Entry in Antwerp of Cardinal-Infant Ferdinand as Viceroy of the Southern Netherlands, the so-called Pompa Introitus; The event took place on 17 April 1635 in the pouring rain.The Cardinal paid Rubens, who was bed-ridden, a visit at his home
  • Elewijt 1635
    Rubens bought the estate "Het Steen" in Elewijt and started living there on a permanent basis. On 3 March 1636 his son Peter Paul was baptized. Later the same year he was appointed court Painter to the Cardinal-Infant in Brussels. Hauspie 2018, p. 174-175
  • Antwerpen 1636-11 - 1638-05-01
    Rubens started, as head of the team of artists, the execution of the decoration of the castle Torre de la Parada in Madrid. The first ship load with 112 paintings arrived in Spain and was transported over land to Madrid, where it arrived on on May 1. An additional command followed.
  • Antwerpen 1638-06-21
    Rubens designed the decoration of the militairy parade on 15 augus to celebrate the Spanish victory near Callo, although he was severely suffering from the gout. He retired on his estate, in vain seeking relief from his suffering. On 11 December the Last Sacrements were even administered to him
  • Elewijt 1640-03 - 1640-04
    The gout became so severe, that he lost the use of his hands (March-April).
  • Antwerpen 1640-05-30
    After a short period of improvement Rubens made his Last Will and Testament on 27 May. On Wednesday 30 May 1640 he died in his house in Antwerp.
geboren
werkzaam in
overleden
Onderwerpen
In dit veld worden de diverse onderwerpscategorieën of genres vermeld die in het oeuvre van de beschreven kunstenaar voorkomen. De inhoud van dit veld is doorgaans meer gebaseerd op het aanwezige beeldmateriaal in het RKD dan op de literatuur.
genrevoorstelling, historie (als genre), landschap (als genre), portret, christelijk religieuze voorstelling, diervoorstelling (genre), jachtvoorstelling
Materiaal/techniek
olieverf
Ingevoerd op: 1992-01-25; Gewijzigd op: 2019-09-26

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